Haemorrhoids symptoms, treatment and nutrition

How to treat haemorrhoids naturally

Haemorrhoids occur with accompanying symptoms such as uncomfortable burning sensation in the anus, pain during defecation (bowel movements), blood in stool, uncomfortable flow of mucus. These extremely uneasy problems affect an increasing number of people due to the modern lifestyle, which involves a lot of sitting, a little bit of movement and activity and improper nutrition, with a predominance of saturated fats.

What are haemorrhoids and how they occur?

Haemorrhoids are a disease of veins in the anus and are one of the most common health problems of a modern man, a timely diagnosis and lifestyle changes are of great importance for the success of the therapy. In spite of that haemorrhoids causes very unpleasant problems and impairs the quality of life, many are reluctant to seek medical attention, which is why they are getting worse, and therapy effectiveness decreases.

It should be noted that the treatment of haemorrhoids on your own initiative, without the diagnosis and recommendations of doctors, can have numerous negative consequences, since bleeding from the anus does not necessarily indicate a to haemorrhoids, if for example, comes to colon cancer, symptoms can be similar to those caused by haemorrhoids (blood on the stool, painful bowel movements) and then it is crucial that treatment begins early.

How haemorrhoids occur?

Haemorrhoids are one of the most common diseases of modern times, and are caused by increased pressure in the venous blood circulation in the pelvis and abdomen. They are localized in the upper part of the anal canal and the final part of the large intestine - rectum.

Symptoms of haemorrhoids occur equally in men and women, and despite that are not considered a serious health problem, but they can be very painful and uncomfortable. They are caused by many factors, the most common is a seating lifestyle and lack of exercise, improper diet, problems with bowel movement (lazy bowel, constipation and diarrhoea), a malignant tumour of the pelvis, and more likely they in older people and obese people.

What are the most common symptoms of haemorrhoids?

Itching at the anus, pain and swelling of the surrounding tissue, leakage of faeces and mucus, or difficulty in cleaning after bowel movements indicates that there is a disorder in this region and these are the most common signs of this disease. Many people who have these symptoms of haemorrhoids also notice bright red blood in the stool or on toilet paper. The amount of blood is usually small, and heavier bleeding rarely occurs.

Since rectal bleeding is characteristic for other conditions, including various types of carcinoma, it is necessary that the diagnosis is set by a doctor. Regular control should be done especially after the age 50, or earlier if there is a family history of polyps or malignant bowel diseases.

What types of haemorrhoids we need to distinguish

Essential primary haemorrhoids, which are the most common form of the disease, is a disease of the veins in the anal plexus. It mostly affects people between 25 and 50 years, but can sometimes occur in children.

Symptomatic or secondary haemorrhoids are created when there is an obstacle in the flow of blood through the portal vein. They then become "roundabouts", enabling the portal blood to pass in the lower hollow vein.

Inner haemorrhoid symptoms

Internal haemorrhoids occur at the beginning of the anal canal and are the most common cause of bleeding from the anus. The first symptoms are runny mucus, itching and sometimes present is pain in the anus. We should not neglect other diseases and general recommendation is that in consultation with the physician you do rectoscopy.

How are external haemorrhoids manifested?

These are small bluish nodules, easily visible and are quite harmless in comparison to internal haemorrhoids. They can be complicated in the case of thrombosis, when blood accumulates due to increased venous pressure under extreme strain, after lifting heavy weights, sneezing, coughing, and emptying the bowels. They are often manifested after childbirth and can occur independently.

How do haemorrhoids look like and what are the stages of the disease?

Haemorrhoids are divided into four stages.

Haemorrhoids in the first stage spread in the cavity of the anus and are observed with anoscopy. They are relatively small have a tight-elastic consistency and can be found below the dentate line. Symptoms of haemorrhoids at this stage are; pain to the touch, the skin in the perianal region (around the anus) can be overfilled with blood. Characteristic burning and itching around the anus, which is particularly acute in defecation (bowel movement), but bleeding from haemorrhoids can occur.

In the second stage much of the perianal area swells up and there is repletion with blood (hyperaemia). At the touch or pressure, but also when walking and sitting up, there is a piercing pain. At this stage of haemorrhoid nodes can prolapse (turn off) when the patient strains, usually when defecation. With the termination of strains, they pull up in the anal canal.

The third stage is characterized by inflammation and swelling of the whole region around the anus. Also lightly touching the haemorrhoid nodes can cause a strong and sharp pain. In the anal canal visible are dark red internal haemorrhoid nodes covered with fibrous lining. Mucous membrane that covers them can create wounds, while some parts can become black in colour.

In neglected cases you may develop para-proctitis (inflammation of the intestines and tissues that surround it). In the third stage often occur lengthy prolapsed haemorrhoids, which in most cases, withdrawn during sleep and therefore patients are recommended bowel movements in the evening. These haemorrhoids very easily drop out of the rectum, usually when coughing, sneezing or lifting. Also, for them it is characteristic that in most cases they get complicated by bleeding.

Haemorrhoids fourth stage represent a neglected and most difficult phase of the disease. The nodes are permanently prolapsed (dropping) and there is venous stasis. They cannot manually be restored and are constantly dripping, there is a profuse bleeding and is often complicated by pinching, thrombosis, inflammation and pain.

How to cure haemorrhoids?

The treatment of haemorrhoids can be conventional (conservative medication, injection, and by surgery) and unconventional (phytotherapy, acupuncture, homeopathy and other alternative methods).

People who do experience the above mentioned symptoms of haemorrhoids need to contact a doctor if they wish to cure themselves. Data about the disease (history) in 50 percent of cases are a preconditions for establishing the exact diagnosis. In order to confirm the suspicion of haemorrhoidal disease, the doctor will look at pre-rectum and anus interior (anoscopy) or lower colon (sigmoidoscopy) and based on the results will make a diagnosis and determine treatment.

Surgery, experience and recovery

Surgery is necessary in an advanced stage, and the intervention is done in a hospital setting under general or local anaesthesia and will permanently solve the problem. There are several techniques for the removal of haemorrhoids, but it all boils down to the fact that the disease of blood vessels is removed. The largest number of haemorrhoids cases are those of third and fourth stages and are successfully treated only with surgery, which involves removing venous web while preserving the sphincter muscles (clamp) of the anus and the reconstruction of the surrounding mucous membranes and skin. Currently the most popular is laser surgery, and surgery of haemorrhoids with thd method because it enables much faster recovery of patients.
What diet is recommended?

Haemorrhoids occur because of insufficient fibre in the diet, cushion lifestyle, lack of physical activity, and their development is stimulated by hot baths, obesity, smoking, constipation, and more severe forms of diarrhoea.

Symptoms of haemorrhoids occur after prolonged coughing, straining at defecation, lifting heavy objects, as well as haemorrhoids during pregnancy (particularly in the last quarter), after childbirth or as a result of colon tumour. You should avoid canned goods, meat products, strong spices, coffee, the alcohol, salt  (large amount of salt since it causes fluid retention in the body, and thus the swelling of veins, including haemorrhoids - piles).

It is necessary to avoid white flour, cakes, pastries, cookies, leguminous vegetables, black tea, cocoa and other foods that cause constipation.

Examination! – is it painful?

If you experience haemorrhoids symptoms then doctor's examination is necessary. The examination is not painful and in some cases it is performed under local anaesthesia, because the pressure further irritates the diseased region and causes pain.

Examination consists of detailed search of the anus with your finger (with a surgical glove) and possibly Anoscope, a small instrument with a mirror, similar to those used in gynaecology. More often, however, performed is rectoscopy, this is an examination of the whole final part of the colon.

We hope we gave you useful answers: what are haemorrhoid symptoms, types, stages of the disease, which foods should be avoided, and the like. If you are interested in phytotherapy treatment, be sure to read the natural treatment of haemorrhoids.

We also recommend that you read the following articles on our website: constipation in adults, nutrition in pregnancy, Mediterranean cuisine, vegetable fibre in the diet, kefir fungi as a medicine.