Allergic conjunctivitis | symptoms | treatment | therapy | conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is usually not dangerous and does not leave the consequences of the vision, but causes unpleasant itching of eyes, swelling and watery eyes that can impair quality of life and affect the working capacity.

 Allergic conjunctivitis; SYMPTOMS

Almost one in three people suffers from some form of allergy and eye conjunctivitis or inflammation of the conjunctiva occurs in 75 percent of them, regardless of the type and origin of the allergy. Usually it accompanies rhinitis and occurs during "pollen fever" from March to October, when eyes itch there is runny nose and watery eyes, sneezing, cough and occasional fatigue, accompanied by the feeling of weakness, and headache. Allergic conjunctivitis of eye is also known as spring catarrh of the conjunctiva and usually occurs in young male children.

Allergic conjunctivitis in children and conjunctivitis in babies

It most frequently manifests itself through redness of the eye, itching of eyes and sensitivity to light.
It manifests itself in late winter, disappears in the fall, but does not affect the vision and is treated with application of antihistamines and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine. It is recommended to see a pediatrician and, if necessary, an eye doctor.

Conjunctivitis symptoms and types of disease

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis - quite rare and occurs in people with eczema that have atopic dermatitis (neurodermatitis). With watery eyes, characteristic redness of the eye, scaling and thickening of the skin around eyelashes, which sometimes does not disappear with age. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is an allergic inflammation of the eyes, and is a severe form of inflammation as it can affect the cornea and threaten vision.

In the majority of people with symptoms there already exist a tendency for autoimmune diseases {allergies, skin eczema, asthma ...). Mostly they spontaneously disappear in puberty. Contact blepharoconjunctivitis is caused by direct contact with an allergen and withdraws after eliminating the cause. The most common allergens are cosmetic products or eye drops, and the reaction is usually turbulent, with redness and tearing of the eye, while in more serious cases, there is a whole range of swollen regions around the eye. Acute allergic edema affects the eyelids and conjunctiva and is manifested by redness and swelling due to which sometimes you cannot open your eyelids. Even though the reaction is quite strong, it is a harmless form of allergy which is commonly triggered by pollen, dust, insect bite or cosmetic preparations. Chronic allergic conjunctivitis has somewhat milder symptoms, however, it last for the whole year (most pronounced in the autumn). Usually it is caused by allergies to dust mites or spores. Conjunctivitis with large papillae is "reserved" for people who wear contact lenses. It is caused by agents used for cleaning contact lenses, and is manifested by itching, severe tearing, irritation and a sense of scratching, reduced, or stabbing, pain with prolonged wearing of contact lenses. In some cases there is redness, swelling of the eye and rhinitis.

Adenovirus conjunctivitis - viral conjunctivitis

Adenovirus is one of the most common causes of viral conjunctivitis, transmitted by droplets through the respiratory tract as well as using the same towel and the like. It is characterized by the usual conjunctivitis symptoms such as redness first of one eye and then of other eye with a constant feeling that there is a foreign body inside our eye accompanied by a white discharge from the eye. The adenovirus conjunctivitis and sometimes accompanied by colds and inflammation of the throat. Decrease in visual acuity as blurring of the cornea can occur as well.
The adenovirus conjunctivitis therapy

Adenovirus conjunctivitis in its milder form is treated in only a few days by rinsing the eye with saline water which has 3% of boric acid, while in the case of stronger blurring of cornea prescribed are corticosteroids - eye drops that are only given by ophthalmologist.

Conjunctivitis treatment - HOW TO PREVENT EYE ALLERGIES?

The best way to treat conjunctivitis is to avoid contact with allergens. If this is not always possible, bear in mind to stay in a ventilated area and regularly clean the dust. Since there are different types of pollen a very common inhaled allergen, a more frequent hair washing and changing the bed linen can be helpful. Wash your face several times a day and, if necessary, use artificial tears or plain saline solution to stimulate the secretion of tears in the eye. People who wear contact lenses must be regularly change them. Lenses should not be worn for longer than recommended.

Treatment of conjunctivitis with violent reaction

When treating allergy of the eye with distinct symptoms, ophthalmologists usually prescribe antihistamine medication (they reduce the operation of histamine, which triggers allergies). Today there are a number of effective medications that eliminate symptoms, or adversely affect the natural moisture of the eye and they have short term effect. In the case of more pronounced symptoms decongestants can help (they reduce blood flow to the mucous membrane, and thus its sensitivity to allergens) or steroids (anti-inflammatory drugs) in the form of eye drops or nasal sprays, and you have to be careful when using them because sometimes they cause complications such as infection or an increase in eye pressure. Corticosteroids should not be used for a long time, nor allowed to be taken their own initiative without the recommendation of doctors.

Eye allergy - itching of eyes - eye redness - watery eyes

If the itching caused by eye allergies is sometimes really unbearable, and rubbing of eyes does not improve the situation, please refrain from it because, in this case, more allergens penetrate in the eye, and watery eyes, eye redness and itching are amplified.

The best "cure" for allergic conjunctivitis are artificial tears and cold packs. Note that the lining of various teas or honey can only aggravate the situation and cause infection. Read some of our articles: allergy to ragweed, protection from the sun, dehydration, water retention in the body, essential tremor, how to remove acne on the face, diet against cancer, sleepiness during the day and more.