Tuberculosis symptoms | treatment | test | Tuberculosis of the lungs


Tuberculosis symptoms are dry cough, loss of appetite and weight, excessive sweating and mild fever which quite resembles the symptoms of other lung disease, and pulmonary tuberculosis is not easily diagnosed. In our area this disease is also known by the name of tuberculosis.

What is tuberculosis?

Tuberculosis is infectious and is caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Koh's bacillus (is named after the scientist who discovered it - Robert Koch). This microorganism is transmitted from a person suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis who through cough ejects germs. It is important to note when it comes to tuberculosis of kidneys, lymph nodes, spine, and lung tissue or bone tuberculosis the infection does not spread!


When in the mid-20th century drugs against this disease were discovered, it was considered that the disease was quickly rooted out. That, unfortunately, did not happen, because of poverty, population growth, the outbreak of many wars, and what is the most significant increase in the number of patients with HIV disease that is often associated with tuberculosis. These are all reasons why this disease is now more common than ever in the world that has more than 20 million patients: each year new eight million people get sick, and three million people across the globe are killed by it, of which 300,000 are children.

Pulmonary tuberculosis; HOW IT SPREADS?

Prolonged stay close to the patient, especially if the room is poorly ventilated, increases the risk of becoming ill. Infection will occur if a person is in contact with the sick person that has a lower resistance (the elderly, children, the chronically ill, etc.). We observed a significant decline in immunity. The infection, however, is not a disease, it just means that people living in the body carry the germs of tuberculosis, which is apparent with only 10% of infected (usually the first five years after infection we usually notice first symptoms of tuberculosis). Who will get sick, and when depends on the genetic predisposition to tuberculosis and resistance of the organism, but one should know that the probability is greater if they live in poor conditions or if a person is prone to bad habits and disorderly life.


Symptoms of tuberculosis of the lungs as we have already said in the introduction are not typical and are very similar to those that occur in the case of other lung diseases. The most common signs of tuberculosis are cough, sometimes accompanied by coughing up blood, loss of appetite, weight loss, and increased night sweats, easy fever (37.5 to 38 ° C). If tuberculosis of lung is not treated it leads to a general deterioration of the body. It is therefore important that the person who is coughing for more than three weeks, sees a doctor, who will refer you to do a chest X-ray, and if the recording detect changes that occur in the case of tuberculosis, carried out are the appropriate diagnostic procedures.

If symptoms of tuberculosis are confirmed by a physician as well as in the case of changes in the lungs a sample of sputum is taken and sent to a specialized laboratory to determine the presence of tuberculosis. If the test is positive, the person is sick and contagious to the environment, and must be addressed as soon as possible for treatment in an appropriate medical institution, and all who were with her in the long close contact (colleagues from the same office, family members of the children in class) are also subjected to tuberculosis test. If samples of sputum are found negative, on the "session" on a solid or liquid nutrient medium sputum is put and then if after four to six weeks Kohovih germs appear the treatment starts, but the person is not contagious to the environment.

Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis

When the doctor is familiar with tuberculosis symptoms (particularly important are TB test) They are typically carried out in the hospital, which is especially true for persons who are found to be carriers of the infection. It is necessary that the patient takes medication for at least three weeks to no longer be contagious. Persons who are not carriers of the disease should also start treatment in the hospital, because of the risk of allergic reaction to medication, or adverse effects of medications. In most cases, treatment of tuberculosis lasts from six to eight months, but sometimes up to a year, in which first four to six weeks is in the hospital and then at home, with regular control from specialists for lung diseases.

It begins with four or five drugs and after two or three months the number of medications is decreased. Thus long-term treatment and drug combinations are necessary since the tuberculosis bacillus easily and quickly develops resistance. If the disease is discovered in time and if the treatment is carried out long enough, the patient is completely cured and can return to their daily lives. If later detected, the more likely the changes in the lungs will occur and is more difficult to treat.


Poor living conditions, poor hygiene, and irregular and poor quality food - all this contributes to rampant tuberculosis. In addition to strengthening the immune system, it is necessary to take account of health, and do not ignore doctors’ advice. Tuberculosis of lungs is most obvious in the most populous areas of Asia and Saharan Africa, and it also occurs in developed countries due to immigration and AIDS. When it comes to Europe, most patients can be found in Russian Federation and the former countries of the USSR.


Protection against tuberculosis and its cure is greatly affected by vitamin B6, which is found in foods of plant and animal origin: beans without meat, peas, soybeans, sunflower seeds, chicken and liver. Healthy diet should be as diverse as possible, to contain greater amounts of vegetables and fruits that are rich with protein. Smoking cigarettes and alcoholic beverages are strictly prohibited. We recommend thick soup with meat for strengthening the immune system, as well as fruits and vegetables every day. If the patient has good appetite again this is the sign that condition improves and disease passes. White sugars and white flour should be avoided, instead you should use integrated flour. Eggs, cheese, cold milk is recommended in the menu. Garlic and onions should be chewed regularly. Doctors prescribed fish oil if symptoms of tuberculosis are present. As for the rest, the patient needs night's sleep of at least 8 -9 hours and 2 hours during the day. Spending time in the open air for 10-15 minutes, twice a day - especially walk next to sawmills as well as daily sunbathing.