Pancreatitis symptoms | Acute pancreatitis diet

Inflammation of the pancreas; SYMPTOMS AND CAUSES

Inflammation of the pancreas - pancreatitis is a serious disease that depends on the stage of the disease of the pancreas, (but whether it comes to chronic or acute pancreatitis) it requires serious therapy based on the use of drugs, surgery and adequate nutrition. Since the cure may not be possible, it is time to remove risk factors to reduce the possibility of disease as the inflammation of the pancreas.

Inflammation of the pancreas; SYMPTOMS

Symptoms of inflammation of the pancreas depend on the cause and stage of the disease. Chronic pancreatitis develops and progresses slowly, and it is mainly observed late, the engaged state and the surrounding organs, and it was only after the symptoms of other disease are manifested by that which caused it. Pancreatitis symptoms arise suddenly and are accompanied by strong pain in the upper abdomen that spreads in the region of the belt. Patients describe this situation as unbearable, gripping pain, which follows the stomach bloating, nausea, fever, fatigue, excessive sweating, sometimes vomiting, rapid pulse, and in severe cases, dehydration and a sudden drop of pressure. Pain can be worse after drinking alcohol or consuming fatty foods, when symptoms of pancreatitis occur within minutes of meal. When it comes to chronic pancreatitis symptoms and problems occur after several hours, with less severe clinical picture which includes nausea, vomiting, fever and disturbance of bowel movements. This also leads to the pancreas gland tissue and fibrosis, and in the initial stages of pancreatic starving region that secretes digestive juices, which leads to lower absorption of food, and people with this disorder, in spite of adequate food, lose weight. Over time, the part responsible for secreting insulin collapses, resulting in diabetes.


The pancreas is a gland located in the upper abdomen, with two main roles in the body: an exocrine function of the pancreas refers to the digestion or dissolving fats, carbohydrates and protein (by using the pancreatic juice, which contains the necessary enzymes for this process), while the endocrine function of the pancreas means secretion of insulin by which it regulates the level of sugar in the blood. Pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas can lead to disorders of these functions, causing a decrease in the production of digestive enzymes and hormone secretion disorders, especially insulin and glucagon, which are essential for the metabolism of carbohydrates. Therefore, it is very important to react in time to prevent the progression of the disease and possible complications.

Pancreatic diseases

Acute pancreatitis occurs when the pancreatic enzymes responsible for digestion in the small intestine are activated in the wrong place, in the pancreas. Chronic pancreatitis is a long-term inflammation of the pancreas that occurs as a result of frequent, repeated episodes of acute inflammation, or as a chronic, gradual damage to the gland with persistent pain or mal-absorption (difficulty in absorbing certain nutrients in the small intestine). At this stage of the disease with progressive deterioration of pancreatic cells, eventually fibrosis develops (permeation of body connective tissue), which causes the cancellation of its functions.
Acute pancreatitis; COMPLICATIONS

Acute inflammation of the pancreas rarely has heavy flow and does not endanger the patient's life. This happens in the case of severe tissue damage, bleeding into the gland, infection or formation of cysts. More serious form of pancreatitis sometimes causes acute damage to other organs, mainly the lungs and the kidneys, and the treatment of these diseases of the pancreas is often conducted in intensive care units. Chronic inflammation of the pancreas may be accompanied by possible complications that develop over the years, most commonly diabetes, although sometimes occurs and steatorrhea – reduced absorption of fat in the intestine.

Pancreatitis Causes

Inflammation of the pancreas is caused by several totally different factors, but one should know that pancreatitis is more frequent in men than in women.

Pancreatitis and alcohol 

Chronic pancreatitis is usually caused by excessive consumption of alcohol, which is why digestive enzymes are released earlier and in greater amounts than necessary, leading to tissue damage gland. Acute pancreatitis in most cases is the result of the blockage of drainage channels caused by small stones in the gallbladder and bile ducts. In addition to alcohol abuse, which often causes acute inflammation of the pancreas, also the disease can be caused excessive fat in the diet with lots of meat. Inflammation of the pancreas is sometimes the result of some other disease - cysts or tumours, abdominal injuries, as well as the use of certain types of drugs (diuretics, corticosteroids).

How to diagnose pancreatic diseases

If pancreatic inflammation is suspected on, the doctor will refer the patient to the laboratory assays to determine the level of pancreatic enzymes - amylase and lipase (when it comes to pancreatitis values ​​are three times higher than normal, and the amylase is elevated in the urine). Also, the values ​​of leukocytes and blood sugar, while in the case of chronic inflammation there is an increased level of fat in the stool. Sometimes, in addition to laboratory analysis, an ultrasound of the pancreas, CT computed tomography, as well as magnetic resonance imaging, to detect possible complications and easier to tailor the treatment is done. In the case of chronic inflammation it is useful to determine of absorption of food.


Nutrition with inflammation of the pancreas is a very important and with proper therapy helps in the treatment. Those who have pancreatitis must strictly adhere to the specific diet regime. This means avoiding alcohol and certain foods, potential allergens. Those are primarily milk and dairy products, wheat, corn, soybeans, as well as industrial food containing preservatives and additives. It is useful to eat foods rich in antioxidants, especially, fresh vegetables (tomatoes, kale, spinach, peppers) and fruits (cherries and black berries, fresh or in the form of squeezed juice). It is desirable to avoid fatty foods and meat, white bread, sugar and pasta. It is recommended to have frequent consumption of fish and white turkey and chicken meat. Intake of trans-fats, which are in the bakery products, margarine and industrially processed foods, should be kept to a minimum.


Unfortunately, there are no drugs nor surgical procedure that can restore the state before the pancreatic disease. Therefore patients during treatment, and later, in order to prevent re-inflammation of the pancreas, must comply with all recommendations related to food and therapy. Most patients with proper therapy and nutrition feel better after 3-7 days which is relatively quick. One of the mandatory measures is consuming larger quantities of liquids.


Acute pancreatitis can be mitigated with preparations of medicinal herbs. Some of these herbs are: liquorice root, juniper berries, Echinacea, nettle juice and gentian root and to natural therapy to be effective we have to carry out the so-called pancreatitis diet on which we will write more in one of the following articles.