Meningitis symptoms in adults and children


Meningitis symptoms in children usually occur during the summer period or in the early fall, when they are quite prevalent among younger population. Namely this is the ideal period for viruses such as adenoviruses, enteroviruses and herpes, which are also the main challengers this disease. Virus meningitis is not the only disease of brain membrane, but there is a bacterial form of sickness. How to distinguish the two conditions, what preventive measures are taken in order to protect and how to treat it? For all this we will try to find the answers in this article.


Headache, high fever, vomiting, muscle pain and stiffness that prevents touching the sternum with your chin are the first symptoms of meningitis in adults bacterial or viral. Since there are other problems similar to those caused by the weight of a cold or flu, it is easy to replace, however, if they are accompanied by disorientation and dizziness, it is necessary to seek medical advice immediately, as delaying the treatment can cause serious consequences. Meningitis symptoms, that is inflammation of the meninges (meningitis), may be caused by various causes, the most common are viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites and physical-chemical agents. Since meningitis greatly affects new-borns, young children and people with weakened immune systems. The disease occurs throughout the year, but bacterial meningitis are more common in winter and spring, a virus in the summer and early autumn, as we have said in the introduction. Causes of meningitis are numerous, there are numerous risk factors for meningitis, but it is, above all, direct or indirect contact with the virus carriers. It can be hidden such as Bacteria in the blood, other infections near the brain membranes, immune system disorder, a problem with the functioning of some organs, particularly the spleen, head injuries and cerebrospinal fluid leakage.


Viral meningitis is almost always a milder form of the disease, then typical meningitis symptoms that strongly resemble those of the flu appear- and it's not easy to spot. They most commonly occur during the summer months or at the beginning of autumn, but can be caused by different types of viruses (adenovirus, herpes viruses, enteroviruses ...). Among the most common causes of illness are enteroviruses, which can quickly spread through direct contact with an infected person, although some species are transferred by sneezing, coughing and via dirty hands, which are much more likely to occur in small children. In addition, viruses can be transmitted by indirect contact, for example, through glasses that are contaminated, contaminated food and water (often public pools). Which is certainly a mitigating factor for many parents, is that the meningitis symptoms in children usually occur just in this form, which is not so dangerous, provided that it is treated on time. Usually it is usually a mild, good prognosis and passes without serious consequences.

  • high temperature,
  • fever, cold hands and feet,
  • vomiting or refusal of food,
  • intense crying,
  • expressionless face,
  • pale and covered with rash skin 
  • Irritability or lethargy.

Bacterial meningitis; SYMPTOMS

Bacterial meningitis is a severe form of the disease, and is caused by several types of microorganisms, including the most common meningococcal bacteria, which live in the mucous membranes of the nose and throat and in normal conditions do not cause any problems. However, it may happen that it suddenly starts to multiply and cause inflammation of the brain membranes. When these bacteria spread excessively, toxins are secreted by microorganisms and are spread in the body and damage blood vessels, the skin becomes covered with red or brown rash, there is reduced blood flow to the body, which consequently suffered damage, but the disease at that stage often has a fatal outcome. In case of bacterial form of the disease, incubation lasts from two to four days, while the first symptoms of meningitis in viral inflammation occur about ten days after the infection, sometimes much later. Meningitis symptoms in this case tend to start very suddenly with fever, photophobia, severe headaches, and vomiting. Bacterial meningitis is accompanied by severe clinical picture and if not treated on time, it can cause permanent neurological damage and even death. The viral form of the disease has a milder course and a better prognosis, but the largest number of patients are completely cured. Symptoms like meningitis can occur in the case of sunburn, a condition that is caused by prolonged exposure to the sun and causes swollen meninges.

To minimize the risk of meningitis, it is necessary to pay great attention to hygiene. Also, avoid swimming in rivers, lakes and pools whose water is not hygienic. Typical meningitis symptoms are intense headache, which intensifies when changing body position and movement, and cannot be relieved by analgesics, vomiting without sickness and without relief after expulsion of gastric contents, photophobia, hypersensitivity to sound, irritability. If the inflammation affected the brain, consciousness is disrupted and there is fatigue, sleepiness during the day, shallower or deeper coma. The most common meningitis is the so-called vesicular inflammation which is caused by the intestinal viruses and generally occurs in the summer. Respiratory viruses can also cause meningitis which is spread by droplets, and the infection is more common in winter. Some challengers of this infection can be transmitted through the skin, by mosquitoes, ticks. Bacterial meningitis is transmitted via droplets, as part of sepsis or other inflammatory foci in the body (ear infections, sinus infections, lung ...).


In the case of bacterial meningitis, conducted is chemoprophylaxis - protection of healthy people who are in direct contact with the infected person (family, collective), and providing the appropriate antibiotics. Bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia require urgent treatment with antibiotics and appropriate hospital care. People who came in close contact with the infected person, must also receive antibiotics. Treatment of meningitis is carried out in the hospital. If a patient notices symptoms (read below meningitis symptoms), it is necessary to call your doctor for review, and if it is suspected meningitis the patient will be immediately sent to infectious diseases department, which sets the indication for lumbar puncture (a diagnostic procedure in which the cerebral fluid is taken for analysis). Depending on the results of the analysis of brain fluid and blood, determined is the type of meningitis and right therapy is prescribed. Viral meningitis symptoms are easily treated, the disease has a good prognosis and the purulent (bacterial) meningitis serious flow may result in minor or serious consequences.