Leg cramps | at night | in pregnancy | calves | cause


Leg cramps are a common problem, which is estimated to affect up to 40% of the population. If it occurs occasionally, once or twice a month, usually it does not cause concern, but if they are repeated or last longer than an hour, it is necessary to ask for doctor’s help.

Leg cramps; CAUSES

Deposition of lactic acid in the muscles, sitting and lying in the wrong position, nerve damage due to repetitive motion and poor circulation are the most common cause for leg cramps. Similarly, some systemic diseases constricts the blood vessels, Parkinson's disease, diabetes and electrolyte imbalance can lead to this phenomenon, and then it is necessary to seek medical help. Swelling of the the legs caused by cardiac and kidney diseases often leads to the emergence of cramps, and this problem often affects pregnant women. It is scientifically proven that excessive sweating and the use of diuretics (drugs for urination) reduces the concentration of electrolyte which results in the appearance of muscle cramps. It is known that smoking leads to damage of blood vessels, which is certainly one of the more dangerous causes cramps. It should be noted that the leg cramps often accompany the process of giving up smoking, due to body detoxification and cleansing of toxins as well as the establishment of a new metabolic status.

Lack of magnesium and potassium causes leg cramps

The lack of these minerals is one of the most common causes of painful muscle contractions that accompany leg cramps. This deficit is particularly expressed in the summer, because by sweating we lose a lot of these minerals. Other symptoms that indicate a problem of lack of potassium are malaise, headache and weakened reflexes, while the magnesium deficiency indicates anxiety, restless leg syndrome, and nausea. Experts point out that only one banana daily meets the daily needs of potassium, which is abundant and oranges, tomatoes, potatoes, beets, broccoli. The best sources of magnesium are almonds, nuts, whole grains, soy, beans, sesame, green vegetables, and avocado. It is recommended that these minerals are entered primarily through food, a doctor will assess whether you need supplementation. Taking effervescent and other vitamin-mineral products on your own is not recommended when it comes to cramps in the legs, because improper use may do more harm than good.


If spasms occur in the lower leg or cramps in the calves, stretch your legs in a sitting position with both hands, pull the front part of the foot to the upper body. Feet should be kept in this position until the cramp intensity decreases and until leg cramps are completely gone. Light, relaxing and warming the affected area helps in mental relaxation. Recommended are exercises for stretching muscles three times a day and prevention by putting warm compresses over the affected muscle, 10-20 minutes before going to bed. We recommend text: reflexology of feet.
Leg cramps at night

Leg cramps in the majority of cases occur in a lying position, especially at night, which can interfere with sleep. Sometimes sufficient are only some correction in the diet and the appearance of these sudden muscle pain preventions, and there are different methods of self-help that quickly and easily eliminate unpleasant pain. However, experts point out that, in the event of prolonged convulsions, the problem should not be solved on your own, because, in case of a serious cause, you have lost the valuable time. Strong cramps in the leg muscles can also cause long-term insomnia, and we are completely out of clock and our daily biorhythm, so apply appropriate measures to prevent this.

What is the best prevention for against cramps?

We hope we've clarified some things, and we gave you the required answer to the question why we have leg cramps? If we determined that lets move on. How to act preventive against them:
  • Drink plenty of liquids, about 1.5l per day, in the summer months and much more.
  • Every day go for a walk, swim, ride a bike, but at a moderate pace.
  • If you struggle with leg cramps at night, try to drive a stationary bike before going to sleep and take a bath in the hot tub.
  • People who have problems with cramps, and spend a lot of time sitting, should every 30 minutes take a break and walk.

Leg cramps in pregnancy

The second condition is that this problem is very common that rather annoys future moms. The worst is that frequent night cramps are keeping you awake most of the nights. Cramps in pregnant women can be caused due to the strong pressure on the legs (that increasingly increases as the pregnancy progresses), but experts believe that the cause is that the uterus is expanding and attacks the surrounding blood vessels, and they return blood from the foot to the heart. High intensity cramps in the calves occur mainly in the second quarter, when the stomach is rather visible. If you struggle with these problems certainly consult with a physician who monitors your pregnancy. Never take drugs nor supplements (magnesium, calcium) on your own. If by any chance you notice leg swelling, increased heat in certain parts or redness of legs then call your doctor and seek professional help.

Leg cramps natural therapy

If for some time, you follow our blog, you probably know that we always leave the best for the end. This time are a proven folk recipes that solve a problem with cramps in the muscles of legs and calves.
  • In a container with boiling water add a drop or two of essential oil of lavender, marjoram or ginger. Dip the cloth, gently squeeze and screw the oiled side on the sore spot.
  • It may be helpful to do a daily lubrication if foot with fresh lemon juice. Let the lemon juice dry and only then put on socks. When the lemon dries out, you can lubricate the legs with propolis. This cure lasts for at least one month resolve problems such as leg cramps in the long run.
  • Unavoidable remedy - onion, is an excellent remedy for cramps. Grind the onion, add a teaspoon of salt, and the mixture apply on a problematic muscle and leave it overnight. 
  • It may be helpful to use a mixture of vinegar, honey and hot water.
  • Oregano oil is diluted according to the manufacturer's instructions and used to run the circulation as a means of prevention of cramps, but also when one occurs. It is important to note that this oil cannot be applied to skin undiluted since it can cause burns.
  • The bottle of 50 ml is instilled by 25 drops of essential oil of laurel, rosemary, cypress and bitter orange, and top up macerate grass. Daily lubricate parts of the legs where leg cramps occur.
  • When you get a cramp in your leg, drink pickle water and after 80 seconds the pain will stop, according to the scientists.