Ingrown nail treatment

Ingrown nails 

Ingrown nail on a thumb is a much more common problem in men than in the fairer sex. Sometimes ingrown toenails occur on both fingers, the most frequent problems and most severe are on the thumb.

Ingrown nails; SYMPTOMS

To be able to determine whether you have ingrown toenails note the following symptoms: redness, swelling around the nail, pain to the touch, the skin along the edge of the nail is cracked and leaking fluid, blood or pus. If you suspect that you have ingrown nail in the flesh, be sure to consult with your doctor to prevent possible inflammation of the nail and that might be able to give advice for further treatment of ingrown toenail.

What are the causes of ingrown nails?

Ingrown nail is held by the first nail bent on one side (and sometimes both) and slowly cuts into skin. This process can be quite painful, often occurs inflammation of the nail and even infection (less often). If you have little nails and "meaty fingers," you have a good predisposition for this problem but also the way you cut your nails, which we will write something later plays a very important role. In the case of close and uncomfortable shoes, toe is the first to be hit, but if your nails are not properly cut off, chances of ingrown nails raise. Sometimes injury to the thumb can cause you to grow skin over the nail, so that it becomes partially covered. If your feet hygiene is unsatisfactory, it can increase the risk of infection such as nail fungus or athlete's foot.

Ingrown nails; TREATMENT

Ingrown toenail can cause awkward and uncomfortable pain, and general recommendations are that you daily immerse feet in salt water, in case of severe pain, doctors prescribe certain analgesics. Daily you need to protect it with dry and clean cloth. Doctors usually prescribe antibiotic ointment that is applied externally, as well as daily rinsing of nail in permanganate.

What must be taken in order to prevent new ingrown nails is cutting correctly the nails. The most important is that toenails are cut straight, not with rounded edges that usually cause problems. In the case the problem persists, remove the part or even the entire nail to prevent new ingrown nails.

Ingrown nails treatment in the initial phase

In the event that your problems has just begun, that the pain is tolerable and that there is still no pus nor inflammation of the nail, with the help of tweezers, cotton wool and a little medical Alcohol (70%) apply the following method:
  • Wash your feet with soap and water
  • Put your foot in the water to which you have added a handful of salt and a bag of baking soda.
  • After twenty minutes, wipe your foot with a towel
  • Now disinfect the tweezers with alcohol
  • To prevent further ingrown nail add clean piece of cotton wool in the lateral gap between the nail and the meat. Do not put too much nor too little cotton wool because it is necessary to keep it for the next 6 hours on the thumb, however, it should not fall out nor hurt. Put it like that so you can easily and safely draw it out. After removing cotton apply skin cream for the feet to keep it soft. Apply this treatment as long as you do not get better until or you are sure that your ingrown toenails are no longer a problem.

Ingrown toenails-treatment without surgery 

If the ingrown nail is already in the meat and you want to solve a problem then you need to do the following:
  • Lift the nail, and cut off the part that threatens to plunge deeper into the meat. Put cotton previously soaked in hydrogen (3%). After fifteen minutes replace cotton with a dry one. With regular treatment and proper cutting of nails all will be back to normal.

NOTE: This procedure is better to be done by a pedicure specialist or a doctor, however, if you do it yourself it is at your own risk!!!

Ingrown nails: SURGERY  

If the ingrown toenail is necessary to operate the following procedures are applied:
  • Under anaesthesia the nail is first cleaned with antiseptic. Then you remove all of parts of the nail, and on the tray phenol is placed which closes blood vessels. The next day it is advisable to walk, and your wounds should in the next seven days completely heal.

Be sure to do a blood count and coagulation time before these intervention. In case of diabetes, particularly haemophilia and other coagulation diseases haematologist is included so to patient receives adequate preparation before the intervention.