Inflammation of the Achilles tendon | symptoms | treatment | tendonitis

Inflammation of Achilles tendon

Inflammation of the Achilles tendon and tendinitis is a common sports injury, experts believe that it occurs in as many as 10% of cases, usually as a violation while running and the like.

Inflammation of Achilles tendon; SYMPTOMS

Tendinitis of the Achilles tendon is accompanied by the following symptoms: pain in the heel thickened and red heels, and often as a result of inflammation occurs the inability to walk. What is typical for these symptoms is that the pain is increasingly amplified and gets worse especially after intensive after sports activities when in addition to pain in the heel pain occurs in the latter part of the leg. Morning stiffness can occur as well as increased sensitivity, which during the day passes with the increasing daily activities. There is noticeable sluggishness in the leg and creaking and crackle sounds when you touch and move the tendon.

Pain in the Achilles tendon

The Achilles tendon is the final chord of the three-headed muscle back of the lower leg, which attaches to the back of the heel bone. This is the strongest tendon in the body, it is long 5-6 cm and a thickness of 5 to 6 mm. During the load, inflammation of the Achilles tendon can occur. Often the inflammation occurs with the inflammation of surrounding tissue. Pain of the Achilles tendon usually occurs as a long-term overuse syndrome in the work, dispute or recreation. Pain is usually localized at the junction of the tendon to the heel bone or slightly above the place of pain. Ailments begin gradually and steadily get worse: Finally they are strong enough to prevent walking.

Tendinitis of the Achilles tendon; CAUSES

The occurrence of inflammation of the Achilles tendon affects persons with static disorder of feet. Most often inflammation occurs due to wearing inappropriate shoes, or the Achilles tendon overstretches during port activities. Other causes that gives rise to inflammation of the Achilles tendon can be a disorder of increased metabolism. Values ​​of fat and cholesterol in blood or gout, accumulate fat or uric acid in the tendon and cause inflammation. Pain may occur with other diseases of the foot, for example with bone diseases and arthritis.

Inflammation of the Achilles tendon; TREATMENT

Treatment of Achilles tendon is mostly done at rest, static correction of feet, temporary elevated heels on shoes in order to reduce the burden, with simultaneous exercises of passive stretching of tendons. Cryotherapy and analgesics help in the acute phase, and if necessary can be applied to the infiltration of corticosteroids. Seek medical attention if above mentioned symptoms of inflammation of the tendon are present. Do not let your heel get swollen and let the pain last for a long time, especially when you can no longer walk, it will significantly complicate treatment if you do not treat it on time. This condition can have acute or chronic progress. In case of acute inflammation the treatment is short. With chronic inflammation of the Achilles tendon you expect the reoccurrence of the symptoms. It is necessary to determine the level of uric acid in the blood and to provide adequate remedies.
Inflammation of the Achilles tendon; THERAPY

The doctor will carefully review the foot in order to rule out other possible diseases or injuries. Under certain circumstances an x-ray of the foot will be done. When Achilles tendon inflammation is determined, the doctor prescribes medication-pills or injections that can be given to the patient. With chronic inflammation there is always recurring inflammation and sometimes orthopaedic shoes with elevated heels are given. There are cases in which inflammation and injury of the Achilles tendon was so strong that the tissue and tendons were destroyed, then doctors resort to surgical treatment.

Cracking of Achilles tendon

Although considered the strongest tendon in the body, even as such, Achilles tendon can crack. This quite often occurs without notice and reason. In such situations it is very important to the patient to visit the doctor. Breaking of the Achilles tendon is accompanied by a strong and sharp pain, the place where the injury occurred swells and the patient cannot walk. If the Achilles tendon completely cracks, there is no possibility that it will heal by itself. It is extremely important to react at the time of this injury, because more delays reduce the chance of recovery because there is a shortening of the muscle which much more difficult to connect with fractured ends.

Surgery of the Achilles tendon

When it comes to very severe inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which after a few months of the therapy shows no improvement surgical treatment is necessary. It is very common among active athletes.

Achilles tendon; RECOVERY

Rehabilitation after surgery is very important. Namely after surgery of an ankle it is necessary to immobilize foot. Then physiotherapy is applied for at least 90 days. Thickening of the Achilles tendon at the place where it was broken remains but its functions may be restored as well as full functionality of the whole leg. This condition is not life threatening, but it still should be treated under medical attention. Athletes are the most common patients and for them this is especially important that as soon as the recovery finishes to slowly start training with daily stretching exercises to avoid later complications.

Achilles tendon; HEALING HERBS

During the period of recovery and rehabilitation, especially after removing splints, herbs can be used as an additional therapy. Often help damp and warm compresses and a gentle massage of feet. Of course such foot must immediately be treated. During treatment avoid sports activities. It is important to wear comfortable shoes and avoid excessive weight. Comfrey ointment and tincture proved to be very effective in injuries and inflammation. There are numerous testimonials and positive experiences of patients with this ointment.