Helicobacter symptoms | nutrition | therapy | treatment

What is helicobacter in the stomach?

Helicobacter is one of the most common causes of diseases of the upper digestive system, and it is estimated that it infects half of human population. Helicobacter pylori infection attacks the lining of the stomach, because acidic environment is the only thing that it can survive. It is estimated that an organism infects half of mankind, or the symptoms of the disease do not develop at all (depending on the immunological properties of the organism), and so seamlessly it can stay in the body for decades, even for life. The problems caused by this bacterium read more below.

Helicobacter; disease of dirty hands

Helicobacter is sporadically-operated, and belongs to gram-negative bacilli. In addition to the gastric mucosa it may also occur in plaque, sores in the mouth, saliva and stool. Given the fact that like all other bacteria it is easily transmitted through unclean hands, and often occurs in less developed countries where Helicobacter pylori infected up to 80 percent of the population, while in developed countries, the percentage is 20 to 50 %.Therefore it is logical that this infection is also called the disease of dirty hands. If you were wondering how it's transmitted there are several explanations. Many people are infected in childhood, primarily because of poor hygiene practices. It is usually difficult to determine the real time of transmission of helicopters bacteria, because the infection can survive for years without symptoms. In most cases helicobacter is diagnosed much later in life. Contaminated food (if inadequately washed vegetables and fruits), defective water and dirty hands are the most common routes of transmission of this infection (faecal-oral transmission). Also, Helicobacter pylori infection can be transmitted by the method of "mouth to mouth" from infected to healthy people.

Helicobacter; SYMPTOMS

The most common symptoms of helicobacter and infection are stomach pain and stomach, heartburn, bloating of stomach, indigestion nausea, and vomiting, bad breath. Some patients with chronic gastritis have no symptoms, but they, in turn, can be intensified if for example, ulcers associated with infection occur. In addition to severe pain, which is the most dominant in character, comes the loss of appetite, and therefore of weight, but there is also blood in the stool, which occurs in about 25 percent of cases. However, there are other symptoms that indicate that the helicopters settled bacteria in our bodies - depression, lack of energy and strength, anxiety, chronic fatigue, insomnia, changes on the skin. The intensity of problems is different, and so some patients have stomach interference, while others will feel stronger indirect symptoms. Prevention involves timely detection of infection that is going to the doctor after the first symptoms and implementation of hygienic-dietary regimen with regular and varied diet. Vaccine against Helicobacter infection is still under research, but it will according to some estimates, be massively applied in three to four years.

Some complications can cause Helicobacter pylori?

Helicopters in the stomach was discovered in 1982 thanks to Australian doctors Barry Marshall and Robin Varen. Since then it is known that the occurrence of gastritis, gastric ulcer or duodenal ulcer is not caused only by individual drugs, as previously thought, and risk factors include alcohol intake, smoking at the present time the inevitable stress. However, after the discovery of helicopters bacteria there is a growing evidence that it just plays a major role in the emergence of diseases of the stomach, especially when combined with harmful drugs, when the risk of ulcers significantly increases by as much as 60 percent. In addition, according to the latest data, there is a growing association of Helicobacter pylori bacteria and cancer or (MALT) lymphoma of the stomach, it gives a new, more serious dimension to this bacterial infection, especially because it is not yet determined why this disease develops only in individual patients.

Helicobacter breath test reveals the diagnosis

Urease breath test is a non-invasive diagnostic method that is performed when the patient drinks a tablet which includes the urea with carbon C13 (non-radioactive isotope of carbon). Helicobacter contains the enzyme of urease, which is metabolized to 3 Cl, releases C02 (carbon dioxide) and is exhaled together with C13. This is a very sensitive test and it is everywhere accepted as the best indicator of the success of therapy against Helicobacter pylori infection, and as a first method of diagnosing diseases. In addition, the diagnosis can be established and the examination of blood (serum) or review of saliva antibody, which is a slightly less reliable method, because it can give false positive results for IgG antibodies persist in the blood for a long time after healing the infection. Helicobacter in the stomach can be detected with stool antigens of bacteria, but this procedure is rarely used. If it comes to severe symptoms people over 40 years of age with a family history, resort to invasive method but also gastroscopy. With this method the sample is taken directly from the gastric mucosa, which is then sent to a detailed histopathology analysis.

The treatment of this infection primarily involves a complete change of diet and lifestyle. You should eat regularly and frequently, in smaller amounts, and in doing so it is necessary to avoid spicy and pungent foods almost always, as well as consuming alcohol. Helicobacter in the stomach is being treated with medications, so we recommended the official medicine alternative, which includes a combination of at least three drugs - two antibiotics and a proton pump inhibitor, which reduces the acidity of the stomach environment and, consequently creating unfavourable conditions for the development of bacteria. Drugs called probiotics are used in therapy, while H2 antagonists are given when Helicobacter pylori infection has not yet been established. In case of complications and new diseases caused by the Helicobacter, appropriate treatment continues and introduced are new therapeutic measures. For example, gastric cancer and lymphoma are usually treated by surgery.


Approximately 50% of patients have side effects of treatment, which are generally mild, but in about ten percent of the treatment of Helicobacter includes change of doses and combinations of drugs. Some of the reactions to medicine include feeling of "metallic" taste in the mouth and disorder of the intestines, which can occur unpleasant stomach cramps, diarrhoea, constipation or dark coloured chairs (in such cases, probiotics are introduced to the treatment). If the patient continues to consume alcohol, there may be severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, increased and excessive sweating and rapid pulse. Also it is estimated that about 20 percent of patients after treatment are not completely cured, in which case it is necessary to change the protocol and introduce new drugs (at least one antibiotic different from those that were used for treatment during the first treatment). After that re-testing is conducted to determine whether the helicopter bacteria in the stomach is cured. Treatment is considered successful if four weeks after the end of gastroscopy treatment urease breath test shows negative results for Helicobacter pylori infection.


One of the most important factors for the cure of infection is proper nutrition for helicobacter. Combined of appropriate medication (which may be prescribed solely by a professional - a doctor), as well as natural teas, it provides excellent results. Helicobacter may be associated with intolerance to gluten, so patients should avoid bread, pasta, pastries, and all foods containing flour from wheat, rye. More on this diet, read in our text gluten free diet. Also cow’s or soy milk is not desirable in diet, as well as caffeine, alcohol, salt, industrial processed foods, fatty red meat and sodas. Helicobacter in the stomach certainly requires discipline and consistency in diet. The menu should have high-fibre foods, such as fruits and vegetables, especially apples, cranberries, onions, celery, beans, which simply called fibre foods. Fried meat should be avoided as well as the barbecue, eat fish at least twice a week. Avoid artificial sweeteners and sugar. More ideas for this type of diet, read in the text alkaline diet. Make an effort to eat less sour fruit.


Our first proposal is flaxseed, which proved to be an extremely effective tool for the stomach, we mentioned it several times in our articles but it does not hurt to repeat any more. Here is what you need for this extremely simple recipe:
  • Tablespoon of flax seeds, cover with a cup (2 dl) of boiling water.
  • Cover the bowl and let it rest for at least two to three hours.
  • Then strain and take the tablespoon of flaxseed, immediately before each meal.

The mucus from flax seeds will reach the walls of your stomach, will reduce stomach pain, and reduce symptoms of infection, especially if it comes to gastritis, which is characterized by sensitive and irritated mucus. Helicobacter may not be the only reason to daily consume seeds of flax, it is recommended for healthy people, even tablespoon a day, because it is an excellent prevention of many diseases, improves digestion, establishes a regular stool, etc.

We hope we gave you the required answers to the question on how to treat helicobacter.