Vitiligo skin disease symptoms and treatment


Vitiligo skin disease manifests by partial or complete loss of pigment. It does not cause pain, itching or flaking, it does not disturb the operation of the system, although it may be associated with other autoimmune diseases (pancreas, thyroid, pernicious anaemia and one type of hair loss). White patches on the skin occur in places that are most exposed and are particularly noticeable during the summer period. Depigmentation of the skin is very specific and attract many views and comments, because affected usually feel uncomfortable and uneasy since other people often stare at the aforementioned white spots.

Vitiligo Symptoms

For vitiligo disease, the main symptoms have already been mentioned in the introduction: depigmentation of the skin through the appearance of white spots which are of irregular shape. Besides them something less common symptoms of vitiligo are the appearance of grey hair on the eyebrows, eyelashes, beard and hair in the area temples. Something rarer occurrence is the depigmentation of the mucous membranes in the mouth, and even change the colour change of retina. According to the place of occurrence we distinguish vitiligo on the face, wrists, knees and feet and along the skin. All these changes are most obvious in the summer, because healthy skin is dark under the influence of the sun's rays, while vitiligo affected parts remain bright because they lose pigment. This disease may infect people of all ages, but the most common vitiligo is in children and young adults (aged ten and up, rarely occurs after thirty). We also need to mention that depigmentation of the skin can affect and genitals. Newest statistics done in the last couple of years in the relevant institutions, show that the disease is present in almost 2 percent of the entire population, which is a very big number. Skin diseases of this type violate appearance of an individual, which to an extent reflects the confidence and mental state of the person affected.
Vitiligo; CAUSES

There are several theories about the causes and mechanism of degradation of pigment cells, but none of them does not fully explain this medical phenomenon and we can safely say that they are still a secret to the entire scientific community. Some studies have proven that the vitiligo disease at the very beginning is closely related to emotional stress, sunburn, physical trauma and contact with chemical substances. One theory, on the other hand pointed out that chemical substance from the nerve endings destroys the pigment cells or stops production of melanin, while proponents of the thesis is that it is an autoimmune disease, where one type of antibodies (IgG) breaks melanocytes. Big role in the story and genetics is research conducted with more families (European, Asian, Latin-Americans etc., has resulted in a unique conclusion that in those families where the disease is present for generations, it is largely transferred to the offspring. Second rarely used name for the disease is leucoderma or white skin. Skin disease vitiligo is extremely unpredictable, it can occur at any time of the year, once it starts it progressively advances.


For the treatment of vitiligo there are numerous preparations and different methods which are applied. In addition to corticosteroids and vitamin derivatives, the most effective therapy is light phototherapy which involves the use of photo chemotherapy or narrow band UVB rays. Special fluorescent lamps or fibre optic devices that treat large areas in a short period intervals are also used. In some cases it happens that spontaneous re-pigmentation occurs without any treatment, thanks to rebuilding activities of melanocytes and the skin returns to normal. Is a rare occurrence, but it is still a small percentage. The length of therapy largely depends on the size of the white spots on the skin. The offer on the market contains a large selection of cream for vitiligo, but do not apply them yourself without precise instructions do dermatologist. The practice has shown that treatment of vitiligo, on average, takes six to eighteen months and often requires a lot of testing, until a dermatologist finds the right treatment that suits your skin type.

Vitiligo natural therapy

In addition to official medicine that offers whole arsenal of different, methods, products and techniques to restore pigment, herbalists also have a trump card for the treatment of vitiligo. There are many medicinal baths, teas, salves and creams against vitiligo. It is important to note that the rate of self-help is very important with vitiligo disease, which does not cause any painful symptoms, than those of psychological nature, many girls use cosmetic creams in colour, as well as those for sunbathing which are most useful for masking problems. If the white spots on the skin are not noticed, such as the case for lighter-skinned people outside the summer season, then there is no nervousness and lack of self-esteem.   It is up to us to decide whether to undergo any medical treatment (re-pigmentation) or to seek help in nature. In both cases consultation with a dermatologist is necessary. Here are several solutions to remove white spots on the skin that natural medicine offers.

Ginko as a cure for Vitiligo

The spread of vitiligo can be slowed down with a daily intake of 40 grams of gingko biloba extract 3 times a day. One study found that ginkgo biloba stimulates the process of re-pigmentation of the skin, but before treatment definitely consult a doctor because this plant affects the operation of certain drugs, and can lead to unwanted effects. Pharmacist also recognized its potential so that there is a large number of vitiligo cream containing ginkgo.

Arborvitae oil for the treatment of vitiligo
  • Cut 50 g of twigs tips of arborvitae and put in a pot and cover with 2 dl of olive oil. Stir, the sealed jar, and then leave to stand for two weeks in a warm, dark place, and occasionally shake it. Then drain the oil, pour into a dark bottle and store in a dark and cool place.

Parts affected by vitiligo are lubricated three times a day, and later rinsed with chamomile tea.

St John’s wort balm against vitiligo 
  • Eight tablespoons of finely crushed leaves and flowers of St. John's wort are poured in a litre of brandy or plum brandy, poured into a bottle and left to stand for 20 days in a warm room. Bottle should be shaken daily. Balm is used for lubrication of affected parts.

Natural remedy for Vitiligo
  • Mix two tablespoons of fresh carrot juice with a teaspoon of olive oil and honey. Three times a day apply the mixture on the skin areas affected by vitiligo, and after 15-20 minutes wash the skin with horsetail tea.


White patches on the skin are not uncommon, and are caused by various factors. Sometimes, a small portion of the skin becomes irritated or mechanically affected by eczema (inflammation), leading to loss of pigment. This condition is not a disease vitiligo but is known as white pityriasis (Pityriasis alba), and often occurs in children who suffer from a number of allergies, asthma or eczema. Tiny white de-pigmented spots may be the result of skin damage caused through prolonged and intense exposure to the sun, or superficial fungal infections of the skin, so-called tinea versicolor (in case of the disease, the affected skin can become darker, especially if the person is scratching). However, there are serious diseases such as psoriasis and vitiligo (the piece was to say), which also causes the appearance of white patches on the skin, and if depigmentation occurs in several places or significantly increases, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist.

Tinea versicolor fungal skin infections

Tinea versicolor or pityriasis versicolor is a common fungal infection of the skin, whose name comes from the Latin "tinea", which means worm or moth (skin looks like it is being eaten by moths). Fungi interferes with the normal pigmentation, which causes the formation of small spots on the upper part of the body chest and shoulders, neck and upper arm. These spots on the skin may be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin, and in most cases occur in young people, and as a result of exposure to sunlight may become more pronounced. In the treatment antifungal creams, lotions and shampoos are used and sometimes it retreats even after a few weeks of treatment. This infection is often repeated, especially when it is hot and humid weather, although oily skin, hormonal changes, low immunity, excessive sweating goes into its favour.

Tinea versicolor is similar to vitiligo disease and is often present in children at puberty, due to oily skin and hormonal changes, but very rarely occurs later, after sixty years of age.