Measles in children symptoms and treatment


It was thought that this disease was suppressed on the European continent but the measles in children and adults recently re-emerged. Despite the name, this disease is not associated with a dangerous and terrible diseases. Measles each year take close to a million lives in the world and cause up to 60,000 cases of blindness. Easily these statistics relate primarily to developing countries (Pacific regions and Africa), where there were no major vaccination campaigns, we are witnessing a return of the disease to other regions, and this is a year in which the EU intended to declare the official victory against measles. The epidemic was not declared, but on 21 November there were introduced stricter epidemiological surveillance measures, and by the end of January 2015 there were more than 160 affected individuals. In this article, familiarize yourself thoroughly with measles.

How are measles transmitted among children?

This disease has been known since ancient times and in the last 500 years occurred in all parts of the world. The cause of measles is a virus of the same name, which survives in the secretion of the airways (not resistant to the external environment). It is spread by droplets in the organism and enters through mucous membranes in the upper respiratory tract and the conjunctiva (the tissue that lines the eye and the edge of the eyelid). New-borns are protected in the first six months because of passive immunity granted by their mother, if she got over measles. They appear in the form of an epidemic, within the group, usually as measles in preschool and early school age and are considered a harmless child's disease, although this is actually not true.

For the diagnosis it is necessarily to go to the doctor!

The diagnosis of measles is based on history, numerous epidemiological data, the full clinical picture and the course of disease. Based on these criteria all kids of rash-causing fever and other viral infections, as well as due to changes in allergic nature, but the most reliable method is serological diagnosis, namely the detection of antibodies to the measles virus. On the other hand, the very blood test shows measles in children. Suppose also that as a result of this infection there is a reduced number of white blood cells (leukopenia), while there is an increase of blood lymphocytes (lymphocytosis).

The incubation period of measles lasts ten days and usually flows without symptoms, but in the last third of this period, the infected person is infectious. Read on to learn what the small pox in adults and children look like and how the disease manifests itself in each of its three stages?

Catarrhal stage of the measles

It takes three to four days and then gradually measles in children are exhibited in the following signs of illness:
  • Body temperature gradually increases, the child feels tired and fatigue, no appetite, and at the end of this stage the oral mucosa appears to change and look like grains of semolina. After 12 to 24 hours the mucous membranes are soothed, conjunctivitis and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose and pharynx appears.

Rash-causing stage - (chicken pox in children)

It takes five to six days. After a brief improvement, rapidly rising fever and general symptoms of smallpox in children and other signs of the disease are further exacerbated:
  • On the skin a typical rash starts to emerge (first on the head, behind the ears, and soon affecting the face and neck), which during the two to three days is beyond the head down. The face is then visibly infected and what is described as "wage Mask" (Facies morbillosa). It withdraws in the same the order in which they broke out, and then there is a gradual drop in temperature.

Measles in children and adults; recovery

It lasts for five days and is characterized by withdrawal of the rash
  • In places of skin change occurs a transient hyperpigmentation and powdery flakes. Person affected feels much better, the temperature begins to fall and if there were no other health complications and development of secondary infections, chicken pox in children and adults are withdrawn completely. Measles lasts about 14 days, but the stage of convalescence may be extended for a few weeks after that.


Measles in children
Cure for smallpox does not exist and therapy is only symptomatic and applies to only alleviate the discomfort. Drugs are used sometimes to reduce runny nose, which also relieves the accompanying cough. Insulation of sick children and the application of hygienic and dietetic diet, lots of rest, a diet rich in vitamins and minerals is required. Only in the case of other complications, primarily referring to secondary bacterial infection, antibiotics are used - which can be rewritten only by a doctor. The most common are pneumonia, eye, middle ear infections, sinusitis, but can lead to a stronger inflammatory gastrointestinal inflammation. The lack of treatment or inadequate treatment can cause severe and permanent damages and even blindness, while the most severe forms of the disease can even be fatal.

What other kinds of smallpox are there

Smallpox is a common name for the four diseases that are characterized by changes in the skin. They have different forms, causes and prognosis. In addition to the aforementioned measles and chicken pox usually a mild disease, russet (rubeola) - characterized by a blotchy rash and swollen lymph glands in the neck which is risky for pregnant women in the first trimester and smallpox "Variola Vera" (in 90 percent cases it is a type of "ordinary smallpox" in which mortality is about 30 percent; in the case of surface or haemorrhagic type, the death rate is almost one hundred percent; type "variola minor" is fatal in about one percent of cases). Measles during pregnancy can also be dangerous and risky. Prevention for all these types is vaccination, except that the smallpox was eradicated long ago in 1977.

Vaccine against measles

Active immunization of children (vaccinations) against measles is required for all children after the first year of life, a booster dose is carried out for four to five years. According to the press release of the Institute for Public Health despite being an integral part of the system health area of ​​immunization of children in the world governed by the laws, the past few years certain difficulties can often be heard with a different message against immunization , which has caused a rejection of vaccination among parents. According to paediatricians immunization is still by far the most efficient and effective methods of modern primary prevention, which is the quick and cheap way of controlling many other serious infectious diseases, including measles in children and therefore is a priority in today's health care. Every child should have the right to not get sick from these diseases, which can be achieved by immunization.

If you want to further inform yourself about the vaccinations, it is not bad to read what the alternative medicine says. Today there are a large number of debates on the FB groups and the like. Feel free to type in your search "vaccination of children - yes or no" or "chicken pox in children, and vaccination" or something connected to the required article - whatever it may be. Pay attention to the comments. Our basic guideline would be that any "exclusivity" is dangerous and this is the worst possible option for all.