Hypothyroidism; symptoms and treatment

What is hypothyroidism - reduced thyroid function

Hypothyroidism in women is a very common metabolic disorder, much more often than in men. Decreased function of the thyroid gland is caused by a decrease in production of the hormone - thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxin (T4). Treatment for thyroid disease is carried out by taking a permanent synthesized hormones and certain supplements, or like some experts emphasize that in the treatment of the thyroid nutrition is very important, because it plays an important role, perhaps more important than conventional drug therapies. How to identify the disease, what are the symptoms, and what is the right diet with hypothyroidism, find out below.

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

In women, the symptoms are much more common than among the members of the male population. They gradually develop and are not as specific nor easily recognizable. Thyroid disease Hypothyroidism is characterized by the fact that our warning signs may come from different organs, and even organ systems due to lack of thyroid hormone.

Here are some of the typical signs of the disease:
  • Skin flakes, where the skin becomes very dry and prone to various inflammatory processes (pimples and acne, dermatitis, eczema, impetigo and many other skin diseases. In winter, the forests are reporting intense itchy skin, almost unbearable.
  • The hair is quite thin, thinning and declines, there is a possibility for you to be completely bald.
  • Fluid retention in the tissues: swollen face, swollen eyelids, tongue is enlarged, the voice is quite deep and there is hoarseness, sore throat is more common than usual, edema in the lower legs, hearing problems, yellowish skin.
  • Hypothyroidism and depression: poor concentration, forgetfulness lighter, slow motor skills, mood swings, irritability, very sleepy, be in bed longer than usual, depressed mood, psychotic symptoms (hallucinations, paranoia, delusions) - it happened and that hypothyroidism substitute for a serious mental illness, and that suffering is complete the department psychiatry.
  • The most common symptoms of hypothyroidism are sleepy during the day, chronic fatigue and general exhaustion despite normal night's sleep of 7 or more hours. 
  • Slowed metabolism that occurs due to reduced oxygen consumption in the tissues of the patient, as well as reduced activity of certain enzymes. Patients are less tolerable towards the cold due to slightly lower basal body temperature. Such people sweat less, have slowed heart rate - bradycardia, slightly higher levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, the appetite is sometimes reduced, although it may be normal.
  • If the reduced features in the thyroid gland is associated with anaemia symptoms of hypothyroidism are far more serious.
  • Hypothyroidism and menstruation - PMS symptoms accompanied by plentiful bleeding during the cycle, in severe cases, infertility, muscle weakness accompanied by cramps, painful joints, unsteady gait, slow wound healing, and there is hypertension and chronic constipation.

Proper nutrition in hypothyroidism

To have a complete insight into the types of foods that help recovery function of the thyroid gland, along with explanations of how each of the individual ingredients work, we present some of the most important postulates for the treatment of hypothyroidism without the use of medications.

Avoid anti-thyroid food

Some of the undisputed healthy foods, such as soybeans and products of these pulses, act counterproductive in the treatment of hypothyroidism. Soy is rich in estrogen, a hormone shown to block the production of thyroid hormones. Polyunsaturated fats (vegetable oils, seeds, nuts, fish, green vegetables) also adversely affect the thyroid disease as hypothyroidism. And in addition to being very useful for health, they reduce thyroid function on almost all levels. First of all, these fats disrupt the secretion of thyroid hormones, then block their transmission through the bloodstream and, ultimately, prevent the cells to utilize them properly.

Hypothyroidism in food – eat more fats

Fat are always under negative criticism, based on scientific studies of half a century ago, whose results are not so sure now, while the number of positive findings of recent studies and do not mention. One of the biggest benefits of saturated fats is that they help to neutralize the toxic effects of polyunsaturated fats. They also improves insulin action (reaction of the organism to this hormone), which helps to maintain a stable level of glucose in the blood and reduce the level of stress hormones. Otherwise, elevated levels of stress hormones is one of many causes for hypothyroidism. However, one should be careful when it comes to animal fats. Since livestock feeds mainly on corn, soybeans and other foods that are rich in polyunsaturated fats and their meat creates a large amount of such fats. To avoid this, it is necessary to choose fat derived from animals fed with grass and eat butter and coconut oil.

Hypothyroidism Therapy with fruits

Fruit could be the basis of food which regulate the thyroid gland. For starters, most of the fruit are rich in potassium, which is very important for the regulation of blood sugar levels. Potassium reduces the need for production of insulin, and this helps in the long run to maintain stable blood glucose levels. Good glyco-regulation automatically reduces the production of stress hormones. However, there are some fruits that should be avoided. Avocado is one of them, because of the high content of unsaturated fats.
Increase the amount of salt - (hypothyroidism diet)

They are accompanied by a negative reputation, but the food is much more important and useful than you think, especially when it comes to proper nutrition with hypothyroidism. Table salt (sodium chloride) is crucial for the performance of many functions of the body - for example, for optimum control of blood pressure. When it comes to slowing down the thyroid gland, one of the typical symptoms of this dysfunction is edema, which occurs because the cells take more water than necessary (fluid retention in the cells). When you take advantage of the water, the cells lose their salt, which is then excreted through the urine. The low level of salt in the body slows down metabolism, and raises the level of stress hormones. Finally, due to elevated levels of stress hormones, decreased function of the thyroid gland slows down further. Since it is the main source of sodium chloride, it is quite logical that in the diet of the person who suffers from hypothyroidism must contain the optimal amount of it. Because of this, many people need more salt than they assume.

Bovine bone soup is a natural remedy for hypothyroidism

Most people do not even know what this soup with bones is, much less known the fact that this is one of the best sources of protein, easily this kind of soup used to be the standard in the diet, and it is rarely to be found in family menus. However, because of the extremely high content of valuable -healing matter in the bone marrow, and above all, the combination of useful amino acids (anti-inflammatory effect), which are absent in other meat sources, such soup should be represented in the diet of people who have problems with the thyroid gland, especially if they already have symptoms of hypothyroidism.

Hypothyroidism diet should be rich in seafood

Members of the people whose diet is based on fish and seafood very rarely suffer from diseases of the thyroid gland - hypothyroidism is very rarely diagnosed. Why? Because the fish, especially seafood is a great source of thyroid hormones, which are rarely present in other foods. It is therefore important that the thyroid hormones are present in food. Another advantage of seafood is the fact that they are an excellent source of selenium, which is one of the basic materials necessary for the conversion of inactive T4 hormone to the active T3 hormone in the liver.

Avoid processed foods

All types of food recommended for natural treatment of hypothyroidism exclude processed foods. Industrial food contains various accessories, as well as material created during the manufacturing process, which impair glucose in blood. This then disrupts the production of insulin (the body produces greater quantities), and the end result is low blood sugar level. The consequence of this is the growth of levels of the stress hormone - in an attempt to glucose levels return to normal. Due to decomposition of a large amount of additive in processed food, the liver increases its work, which disrupts its function of converting the inactive thyroid hormone into an active form.

Cooked vegetables and hypothyroidism

Preparation of foods, especially vegetables, is very important for the treatment of diseases as hypothyroidism.  It is true that raw vegetables contain more nutrients, this is not about what you consume, but on the way the body digests and uses it. Since raw vegetables are very poorly absorbed, the body uses much less nutrients than from cooked vegetables. In addition, during the cooking process it is easier to break down plant fibres and nutrients are better exploited. Otherwise, the undigested fibre from raw vegetables may serve as food for harmful bacteria in the digestive system, disrupting its function and adversely influence on the work of the thyroid gland.

Do not exaggerate with water

Due to the numerous recommendations of experts, many people believe that every day you should drink eight glasses of water, even more. However, it is known that thyroid Hypothyroidism causes retention of fluid in the tissues. Does it make sense to drink large amounts of water when the body fights with excess fluid? No! Consuming large amounts of water also causes a further drop in the level of salt in the body, which adversely affects the thyroid gland. The best parameter for the actual need for water is thirst. Of course, these are the level of physical activity (sweating) and air temperature. Optimal water demand depends on many factors, but thirst is always the best indicator.

Hypothyroidism and pregnancy - a low level of thyroid hormones can impair the health of pregnant women and even babies. Before taking any treatment, modern consultation with the endocrinologist and gynaecologist is recommended.