What is bursitis, and how is it treated?

Bursitis is an inflammation of the bursa, bag filled with liquid that is within the joints, whose main function is preventing friction of tendons, bones and skin. The body has about 160 of bursa and life without them would be very painful. These bags are very sensitive, and their irritation and the formation of bursitis can be best prevented by regular physical activity.

What causes bursitis?

Irritation of bursa usually comes from a direct blow or frequent repetition of movements, but can result from sports injuries, sudden movements, in the case of arthritis or, rarely, a bacterial infection. Mechanical irritation stimulates inflammation that leads to the secretion of fluid in the bursa, which eventually leads to swelling and pain. Chemical bursitis occurs as a result of chronic inflammation of the surrounding tissue, particularly tendons. Bursitis of elbow and shoulder knee, hip, foot, the Achilles tendon is most often seen in athletes (tennis players, pitchers), cleaners, masons, workers at the bar and others whose profession requires often performing the same movements. Student elbow inflammation of the bursa represents the place where the elbow touches the ground during the suspension. This condition occurs when through prolonged sitting and leaning on the table, for example, when teaching, there is pressure on the mucous bag, and then the inflammation. There is swelling and pain, which is manifested particularly by pressing on the affected area.

Bursitis of knees and hip

Bursitis of the knee is called the prepatellar bursitis - at the top of the knee there is the pit, called patella, which separates the skin from prepatellar bursa. In a prolonged squat, in the case of repeated injury inflammation may occur. This problem often occurs in people who do the work in the kneeling position. Bursitis of hip - the area outside of the hip there are more bursa whose inflammation can result from direct trauma - fall on the side, or excessive stress, and as a result a large number of micro-trauma that occurred after several hours of standing, sitting or long-term and distance running. Pain is the main symptom of bursitis and always occurs on the outside of the hip, but often spreads along the thigh to the knee and increases with movements such as exiting the car or climbing stairs. Bursitis in the hip does not cause reddening of the skin or visible swellings because the bursa is located deep under the muscle.
Baker’s knee cyst 

Bursa which is located in a pit behind the knee can be connected to the knee so liquid that is used for lubrication of joints during movement can fill this mucous bag. Swellings which do not necessarily have to be associated with inflammation occur, which may create interference with the movement of which is one of the main symptoms. For Baker’s cyst to be diagnosed in addition to regular clinical examination, an X-ray, ultrasound or magnetic knee resonance is necessary. The main recommendation for treatment is rest and reducing physical activity during the day, as well as application of cooling pads to calm the inflammation. For the treatment read something more in the following text. Bursitis of feet - is common and causes difficulty in wearing shoes. The most common is the so-called angular bursitis that occurs in the basal joint of the thumb. It manifests itself as a red-bluish matter which is elastic and painful to the touch. It is treated by removing the cause, or the friction of shoe and bulges on the thumb. Shoes should be soft and comfortable. In severe cases, surgery may be required.


Fortunately, bursitis of elbow, knee, hip, shoulder, etc. can be treated at home with rest and the application of certain exercises, as well as the use of cold compresses and anti-inflammatory drugs. However, if the pain does not stop or even gets amplified, it is necessary to consult a doctor. In the case of complicated and painful cases of bursitis, there are a number of methods of treatment and therapy. One of them is the puncture where the needle enters the area that is swollen and the liquid is extracted with the syringe. A good recommendation is wearing an elastic bandage to increase the pressure in the swollen area, and thus enhance the healing process. Also, bursitis therapy involves the use of physical procedures - laser, magnet, and ultrasound. If all these measures do not give a good result surgical removal of the entire burse can be applied. Correct diet also has a major role in the treatment of this ailment. It is necessary to reduce the intake of foods that encourage inflammation, including meat, eggs, dairy products, and increase your intake of herbal raw foods. It is recommended to consume greater quantities of vitamins A and C and zinc to produce collagen and, consequently improve the restoration of damaged tendons and tissue exchanges. Some experts suggest B12 injections in order to prevent the recurrence of bursitis.

For elbow, hip, shoulder, knee bursitis help comes from nature:

Burdock tea

Tablespoon of finely chopped leaves and root of burdock is cook for 5 minutes in half a litre of water, cover and leave to stand for 10-15 minutes, strain and drink two tablespoons a day in the morning and evening. Tea can be prepared from the seeds as well.

Comfrey Tincture

Put 100 g of comfrey root in a plastic bottle and pour 700 ml of strong brandy, and then lay horizontally to settle in the dark room for 14 days. Shake every third day. After 14 days, strain, pour into a dark glass bottle and store in a cool place. This tincture is applied on a painful area three times a day.

Knee wraps - with strong pain

Three tablespoons of juniper chop in a mortar, then boiled in half a litre of apple cider vinegar and mix with yellow clay to get a thick mass. Whit warmer mixture of thick film lubricate the knee then cover with wet and then dry cloth. Compress need to be changed every 4 hours.

Lemon juice

Regular consumption of lemon reduces swelling of joints and relieves pain, so it is recommended to take daily lemonade without consuming sugar. Lemon is extremely alkaline and reduces the acidity of the organism, and thus relieves all inflammatory processes in the body.


In one litre of water cook 40 grams of celery leaves for couple of minutes, cover and leave to cool, then strain and drink while warm. The treatment for bursitis lasts three weeks.

Willow Tea

Full teaspoon of willow bark to put in 2.2 l of cold water, cook up to 5 minutes, and then leave for the next ten minutes, then train it. Drink two cups during the day, sweeten with local honey.

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