Nausea in the stomach; why it occurs during summer

Stomach sickness is very common during summer

Nausea in the stomach represents the feeling of discomfort in the stomach, which is usually accompanied by the urge to vomit. The causes of this condition are numerous - from irritation by food to poisoning and, in serious conditions that are followed by these symptoms. During hot days of the year, the risks of stomach pain dramatically increase, since we are more exposed to heat stress and micro-organisms that thrive during warm days in undercooked foods.

It is this case, discomfort in the stomach and a strong urge to vomit can be a symptoms of common summer ailments, but also indicate to a more serious condition. Find out what kind of problems there are and how to get rid of nausea with simple natural recipes and methods.

What are the most common causes of nausea?

Large and improper meals (too fatty and spicy foods, eating late in evenings), inadequate amounts of water you drink, sun exposure and staying at high temperatures or traveling too much can cause discomfort in the stomach. However, nausea in the stomach can also occur as a primary symptom in case of allergies to certain foodstuffs and "food poisoning", or infections of the stomach and intestines that elicit microorganisms (viruses, bacteria and fungi).

Different drugs (usually some analgesics and antirheumatics) and medical treatments (chemotherapy and radiation) may also have side effects in the form of nausea and vomiting, whereas their application often leads to irritation of the gastric mucosa and intestine. When it occurs as a symptom of another condition, usually in terms of the so-called morning sickness in pregnancy and disorder known as reflux (the return of stomach content into the oesophagus). In the case of reflux instinct for vomiting usually is accompanied by pain in the upper abdomen and heartburn.

Pain can be the trigger for the nausea in the stomach, such as migraine or renal colic due to the shifting of kidney stones. Concussions, or the inflammation of the brain and meninges of different origins, and benign and malignant changes in the brain tissue can also be followed by strong nausea and vomiting.

It should be borne in mind that persistent nausea for no apparent reason may be a warning signs of serious health problems, such as appendicitis and obstruction (blockage) of intestines, changes in the mucosa of the stomach or intestines (ulcers, various types of cancer ...).
Why is nausea frequent during summer?

The answer to this question is very simple - nausea occurs due to inadequate nutrition. If you are a fan of fatty meat, salty and spicy food, and late meals, there is a good chance that in the course of the year you will have more stomach problems than people who opt for smaller meals consisting of raw fruits and vegetables, soups, "easy" meat or fish.

The reason is that the temperature stress is pushing our bodies to the limit of endurance. If you add the effort that your stomach is investing to digest heavy meals - it is clear that there will be difficulties with digestion, and that the sickness after eating is inevitable. These problems are further intensified if you have gone through hard physical labour. Nausea accompanied by heartburn, vomiting, bloating, and gas is the consequence of poor summer menu.

In the summer months food poisoning is common

Due to the high temperature at day and night, summer is ideal for the growth of microorganisms. If the food is kept in inadequate and unhygienic way it may become contaminated. The causes of food poisoning usually belongs to one of three groups of bacteria:
  • Salmonella - The most common causes of infection are contaminated meat and eggs. Symptoms of poisoning (nausea in the stomach, fever, abdominal pain, vomiting and diarrhoea) begins 12 to 24 hours after taking the contaminated food. Most often the disease lasts a few days and with proper diet passes. Sometimes vomiting and diarrhoea lead to dehydration of the body.
  • Staphylococci - The food, mostly ice cream and mayonnaise, are contaminated with this bacteria and symptoms are caused by toxins - by-products of the work of these bacteria. The first symptoms appear after three to six hours, in the form of abdominal pain, severe nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea. Body temperature may be slightly increased, but the disease after 12 to 24 hours withdraws without any complications.
  • Clostridia - spores of Clostridium botulinum secrete toxins that cause a potentially fatal condition. It can be found in canned food, and poisoning symptoms (headache, nausea and malaise in the stomach are followed by vomiting and diarrhoea, blurred vision or double images, muscle weakness and sometimes paralysis) occurs 12 to 36 hours after consuming contaminated food.

Prevention is reflected in good hygiene in the kitchen when preparing food and storing food, washing hands and avoiding high-risk foods (homemade ice cream and mayonnaise, inadequately cooked chicken) ... In case of poisoning, it is necessary to introduce appropriate dietary regime, drinking plenty of water and seek a physician to assess the situation and determine further treatment.

Nausea and vomiting due to sunstroke and heat stroke

Long exposure of head to sun launches a defence mechanism of our body that aims to cool the brain. The body sends more "chilled" blood in the overheated brain, causing a dilation of blood vessels that causes severe headaches, increase in body temperature, nausea and stomach malaise, a feeling of confusion, ringing in the ears, visual disturbances, dizziness.

Heat stroke may not necessarily be the result of exposure to the sun, but can occur due to high temperature in the car or near some machines. In such circumstances, the symptoms are similar to sunstroke, except that the body temperature rises to 40 degrees, leading to disturbances in the central nervous system.

These are potentially very serious conditions, but during the hottest part of the day you should remain in the shade, avoid heavy manual labour and take plenty of water.

Motion sickness causes nausea

Even though we call it "motion sickness" symptoms that are manifested by nausea, dizziness and vomiting, and often are accompanied by the drop in blood pressure and exhaustion, may occur in the movement of every vehicle. Travel sickness is also called the syndrome of bad adaptation to movement or motion sickness, and its main cause is quite natural inability of the brain to process the large amount of information, causing a gap between stimuli that receive and hear the reaction of the body.

This causes an imbalance - dizziness, nausea occurs in the stomach and vomiting. For example, on the winding road the brain processes the information that eye sends and tries to align it with movements in order to react against the force which is exposed to the body. This instinctive "resisting" to inertia results in disturbances in the stomach.

Nausea in the stomach is not dangerous, but vomiting is

Summer sickness by itself is not dangerous and its "treatment" actually represents the elimination of the causes. If problems occur due to poisoning - when the number of microorganisms in the body decreases, their impact on the digestive system will decrease, so the nausea will alleviate, if they are incurred as a result of sickness – everything will go back to normal soon after the cessation of movement.

Sunstroke and heatstroke are acute conditions that last for several days, and are treated by cooling the body and drinking a lot of water, in order to restore normal body thermoregulation.

However, because the nausea in stomach is usually preceded by vomiting, this condition should not be ignored. Frequent vomiting, especially during the hottest days, can cause dehydration and shock, which is potentially a very dangerous situation. It is therefore necessary for the correct hydration of the organism (the consumption of sufficient amounts of water, or use infusion solutions).

At the very end we have prepared a great recipe for tea against nausea
  • Take one ginger root up to 2 cm long, and chop it into small cubes, and pour it over with 1.5 dl of boiling water. Let the ginger tea sit for at least ten minutes, add a little local honey and drink while still warm.

This drink helps with severe nausea in the stomach after eating, because the root of this plant, contains precious oils, which will alleviate problems and prevent vomiting. Medications against nausea used only as symptomatic treatment, must not be misused, they can only be recommend by a doctor.