Elevated intraocular pressure; glaucoma of the eye; treatment

Glaucoma of the eye and increased eye pressure

Glaucoma of the eye, which is often interpreted as elevated intraocular pressure, is a disease that is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world. This is a condition in which normal flow of aqueous water through the eye is disrupted, and then eye swells. This is what causes high levels of intraocular pressure within the eye, damaging the optic nerve at the same time and leads to the collapse of the visual field, and finally to loss of vision.

A particular problem is the fact that glaucoma of the eye is a silent thief of sight - usually has no symptoms until it is too late, which means that regular, preventive visits to an ophthalmologist are essential in preserving eyesight, especially after the 40th year of life. Already damaged optic nerves cannot be renewed, but the healthy ones can be protected. Below find out how to reduce the eye pressure with medicines from nature.

What are the symptoms of elevated intraocular pressure?

Symptoms of glaucoma know how to fail in the first period, and usually occur at a later stage, when the pressure is significantly elevated. The most important thing is that these signs are recognized in time and to report to your eye doctor as soon as possible.

These are some of them:
  • Uncomfortable pressure in the eye accompanied by pain and irritation,
  • Intense headache, difficulty in reading and viewing, increased eye fatigue,
  • Nausea in the stomach, the urge to vomit, uneasy feeling in the stomach accompanied by pain,

To safely say this is a glaucoma of the eye, the person affected usually has the most common symptom and that is the appearance of dark shadows, which are formed in specific shapes resembling crescent moon which is increasing as time goes on. This problem with the peripheral ocular field, ophthalmologists usually take as a reference when diagnosed by elevated intraocular pressure.

The risk of glaucoma is higher in people who have a genetic predisposition for this eye disease – parents affected increase the risk by 20%, and brother or sister by 50%. Older people have elevated eye pressure more often, it is known that risk grows after 40th year, although most patients are aged over 75 years.

Additional triggers for glaucoma of the eye may be near sightedness or farsightedness, systemic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, etc., as well as surgery on the eye or excessive use of corticosteroid drops for intraocular pressure or corticosteroids in another form.

As with many diseases, a proper diet can be a method for good prevention, but the treatment of glaucoma, we will discuss bellow.
Intraocular pressure measurement is not the only diagnostic method

Glaucoma of the eye can be detected at an early stage if the people after the age of forty annually go on a detailed eye examination. Certainly this eye examination is not exclusively for them, because the latest statistics of elevated intraocular pressure in young people is increasingly common.

What else should this examination include?
  • A detailed check of visual acuity,
  • Examination of the last and the anterior segment of the eye
  • Measurement of pressure in the eyes,
  • Computerized perimetry (overview of the entire field of view)
  • Gonioscopy (assessment of the state chamber angle)
  • Measuring the thickness of the cornea itself, which is used on both eyes, with the use of certain correction factors, we can find out what is the value of the intraocular pressure that was measured on this occasion.
  • A detailed record of the head of the optic nerve and nerve fibre layer with OCT technique that easily detects the earliest damage in the eye, which can occur frequently up to five years before people have the first failure in the field of vision. This procedure is important because of an early detection of the disease but also because of the glaucoma.

When it comes to treatment, the main goal of treatment of glaucoma is to lower intraocular pressure and to achieve and maintain target pressure.

The first step is a conservative treatment with eye drops, and if the increased eye pressure is not lowered by this method, then patients are resorted to laser treatments, which are performed with the so-called eye drops anaesthesia and do not require hospitalization. The choice of treatment depends on the type of glaucoma.

In severe cases of glaucoma surgery is necessary - filtration surgery performed under local anaesthesia.

What kind of diet is recommended for glaucoma? 

It is believed that carrots improve vision, but it really does not have a big impact on the state of the eyes. The beta-carotene is a powerful antioxidant which has a beneficial effect on almost the entire body, except for sight.

On the other hand, lutein and zeaxanthin are found in the organs of sight, and increased intake is advised of these particular antioxidants if you have increased eye pressure. Most of them are in spinach but there are also in other leafy green vegetables, fresh parsley and pumpkin. Leafy vegetables rich in zinc, also help preserve vision, and it can be found in eggs, soybeans, mushrooms and whole grains. Learn which foods are rich in zinc.

Selenium is also excellent in preventing glaucoma, and is found in sunflower seeds, lamb chop, beef and poultry meat, fish and Brazilian nuts. Learn more about selenium in the diet.

Food YES, supplements NO!

Intake of vitamin C is also recommended, best sources are peppers, tomatoes, cabbage, broccoli and citrus fruit. Vitamin E is also useful, and except in leafy vegetables it is found in avocados, peanut butter and nuts, while the useful vitamin A can be found in carrots, liver, sweet potatoes, and apricots.

Omega-3 fatty acids from fish also strengthen the vision, just like dark berries, such as blueberries – they make capillaries that lead to the optic nerves nutrients more powerful. However, keep in mind that the use of supplements based on the recommended nutrients is dangerous without consultation with your doctor - increased intake of vitamin C may reduce the absorption of copper and selenium, and cause diarrhoea and nausea, while too much zinc causes an imbalance of minerals in the body.

However, if instead of supplement you always use fresh ingredients, the probability that you will overdo it is almost zero.

How to reduce eye pressure in 7 days

We have prepared a seven-day menu dedicated to patients suffering from glaucoma, but it will be useful to all who want to lower eye pressure to normal levels.

Breakfast: Omelette with spinach and a glass of orange juice.
Snack: A handful of almonds and hazelnuts.
Lunch: Smoked salmon with leafy vegetables.
Dinner: Sweet potatoes with peanut butter.

Breakfast: Oatmeal with dried fruit.
Snack: A handful of berries.
Lunch: Tomato soup and grilled trout with spinach.
Dinner: Braised mushrooms and a glass of grapefruit juice.

Breakfast: Shake of fresh fruit of your choice, and two apricots.
Snack: Almonds and hazelnuts.
Lunch: Tomato soup and mackerel with tofu.
Dinner: Boiled cabbage and a glass of carrot juice.

Breakfast: Two boiled eggs, a slice of whole-wheat bread and blueberry juice.
Snack: Orange and banana
Lunch: Roasted pork liver with garlic and vegetable salad with sunflower seeds.
Dinner: Chicken salad with sesame and avocado.

Breakfast: Two slices of whole grain bread with humus of chickpeas and a glass of beetroot and cabbage juice.
Snack: Two carrots.
Lunch: Grilled trout and salad of leafy vegetables.
Dinner: Baked pumpkin with brown rice.

Breakfast: Muesli whole grain of your own choice, and a glass of shake with vegetables.
Snack: Mix of pumpkin and sunflower seeds.
Lunch: Lamb with broccoli.
Dinner: Salad with grapefruit and avocado.

Breakfast: Omelette with vegetables and parsley.
Snack: Two apples.
Lunch: Boiled cabbage with poultry.
Dinner: Trout with honey and nuts.

According to nutritionists this seven-day meal plan will provide normal eye pressure and facilitate everyday life of patients suffering from glaucoma.

Glaucoma of the eye, treatment with natural healing herbs

At the very end we left a few proven folk recipes for natural treatment of glaucoma, which can be of great help for elevated intraocular pressure, because of their beneficial effect and successful lowering of pressure.

Hawthorn and raspberry leaf tea

Chop into small parts two tablespoons of raspberry leaf (dried), hawthorn blossom and a spoonful of seer (types of herbs), flower and leaf of white horehound and yarrow. Obtained mixture pour into 14 dl of previously boiled water, remove from heat and leave an hour and a half to rest on the side, covered. Now strain the tea, and then add a little local honey, for a better taste. Take the full cup after all the main meals.

Tea made from buckwheat against glaucoma

One teaspoon of finely chopped leaf of the buckwheat, pour with a cup of boiling water, cover for 15 minutes and strain well. For increased eye pressure this tea is dosed three times a day, no more than one cup after meals.

The treatment of glaucoma with Eyebright

About how much is eyebright tea good for our eyes we wrote in our earlier article. However, when it comes to the glaucoma of the eye, it has proven to be particularly effective. Here is how to prepare it:
  • Pour the full cup of boiling water in two tablespoons of plants, cover well and set aside for at least fifteen minutes to rest, it is desirable to stir occasionally.

Eyebright tea is drunk three times during the day within 24 hours.

Also this valuable plant can be used for flushing the eyes in very simple way. In exactly the same way as in the first recipe prepare the tea, with the difference that it should be left to stand for a maximum of five minutes. Strain, allow it to cool a little, and flush your eyes. This is a perfectly natural solution for eye pressure.