Leg thrombosis symptoms | treatment | nutrition

Leg thrombosis thrombophlebitis

Leg thrombosis is unfortunately more and more present among the population, especially in in women. It can be diagnosed in the area of ​​the arm, pelvis, brain, anus (haemorrhoids thrombosis) in 90% of cases it comes to vein thrombosis of legs. We will therefore mainly focus on that in this article: what are the causes, symptoms and how to treat this disease, read below.

Leg thrombosis SYMPTOMS

If you notice unexplained pain in calves with increased tension of the whole musculature, as well as swelling of the ankles, which later extends to the entire leg do not take it for granted. If your skin is red and blue and you have a constant feeling of warmth in the legs accompanied by a high fever (over 38 degrees), and anxiety, you can almost certainly suspect that these are the symptoms of leg thrombosis. This definitely needs to be taken very seriously and make sure that you contact your doctor, in order for these difficulties to be cleared. The doctor will then determine whether a superficial vein is only affected - then the disease is much milder or whether it come to deeper vein thrombosis.

SURFACE venous thrombosis

Superficial thrombophlebitis is characterized by symptoms that occur for a very short period, from just a few hours to one or two days. The symptoms of thrombosis in this case are: red, thickened and inflamed veins in the legs, enhanced sensitivity, pain and heat affected areas. Acute disease lasts longer than 14 days, when the aforementioned signs of thrombosis retreat and the situation alleviates. It is rarely accompanied with fever, sedimentation and an increased number of white blood cells.
Deep venous thrombosis LEGS SYMPTOMS

With this type of thrombosis symptoms are sometimes not present. Deep vein thrombosis is not as dangerous, except in the case when pulmonary embolism can be developed out of it, which can be life threatening. In order to avoid the fatal outcome the doctor has to pay attention to the following warnings: swollen legs, tension and feelings of heaviness, tenderness, redness, changed colour, highlight the superficial veins, heavy walking and pain that stops at rest. The strongest pain occurs when bending the ankle, knee, or when standing up with outstretched legs. This symptom is better known by the name of Homan's sign.

What is leg thrombosis and what are the causes of disease?

Thrombosis is called a blood clot that can occur in the veins and that hinders the flow of blood or it completely stops it. There are significant changes to the very walls of the veins and blood platelets (thrombocytes) are then they group together and stick together to form blood clots which slows blood flow and can also lead to complete stop of blood flow. Leg thrombosis is very common and as we said is present in almost 90% of cases. Leading causes of varicose veins in the legs are prolonged bed rest (after wearing a cast), immobility, stroke, severe infection, heart attack, physical trauma, etc.

What causes deep vein thrombosis?

In order for a leg thrombosis to occur, the following conditions must be met: affected by three main factors:
  • The first factor: The interior of the vessel is coated with a soft epithelium. If it gets damaged by a mechanical force or by a much more common disease of the blood vessels and the aging process – substances start to appear in the vessel wall in the blood, and they encourage the formation of a blood clot.
  • Another factor: the speed of blood flow affects the formation of thrombosis. Blood clotting forms easier if the blood flow is slower. This is also the explanation why leg thrombosis frequently appears in veins. The blood in the veins is slower and more sluggish compared to the arteries.
  • The third factor: The ability of blood to coagulate. There is a constant balance between the component parts of the blood that promote clotting and those who inhibit it. If that balance is disturbed with drugs such as contraceptives (birth control pills), it increases the likelihood for venous thrombosis.

In order for a leg thrombosis to occur two or all three factors must be present, although for its occurrence only one factor is sufficient. 

Leg thrombosis PICTURES

Leg thrombosis TREATMENT

Rarely leg thrombosis is treated with surgical removal of the blood clots. The most common treatment of deep vein thrombosis is absolute rest in bed and drugs that prevent further clotting of blood. With these measures you primarily prevent the most common complication - pulmonary embolism, which occurs when the clot from the leg vein moves and comes up to the arteries in lungs. This situation is life threatening because the lungs do not get enough blood circulation and heart starts to dangerously overload, working with increased strain. The symptoms of pulmonary embolism are the pallor of the face, the outbreak of cold sweat on the face of the patient, uneven and rapid pulse, difficult breathing, severe chest pain, bloody sputum in cough. More people die of pulmonary embolism than from the complications and consequences of traffic accidents. When it comes to superficial leg thrombosis we recommended putting a poultice on the sore spot, taking painkillers and analgesics that may be prescribed solely by a doctor. Among natural remedies the best so far is horse chestnut and various preparations of the same as it improves circulation. Horse chestnut leg is applied 2 times daily to the affected area.

Deep venous thrombosis EXPERIENCE

If you went to the doctor on time and did all the necessary checks and additional tests such as Doppler ultrasound and application of contrast medium (phlebography) you will prevent complications such as pulmonary embolism and leg thrombosis will successfully be cured. When the clogging of the blood is successfully cured venom starts flowing again, but delicate venous valves are often damaged in such a way and the function of the veins is weakened. If you belong to one of the risk groups you certainly need to pay attention to all of this. The best prevention is movement, sport and daily physical activity. We will use this chance to give you a few proposals.

  • Sit in your favourite chair with both feet alternately touching the floor with your fingers, and then with your heels, repeat it back and forth again and again. Repeat this exercise every day 60 times.
  • Every other day, go on a leisurely walk in the nature, at least 45 minutes, and you can ride a bicycle or jog.
  • If you are a person that spends a lot of time standing or sitting, place at least once during the day your feet on an elevated position and exercise few minutes per day. At night put your feet up on the pad which is mounted at least 15-20 cm for better circulation. 

Leg thrombosis apart from drugs can be treated surgically, and (though less often) during anaesthesia a blood clot is removed with the help of a balloon catheter. We recommend compression stockings, which significantly reduces problems and possible complications.

Leg thrombosis and nutrition

After movement and physical activity one of the main things to prevent complications is the nutrition in thrombosis. Please note that you do not take more than 2000 calories through food and drinks a day. Limit the fat to a maximum of 30 grams per day, and at least two thirds should be vegetable fats (vegetable oils, margarine, etc.). You can eat raw fruits and vegetables in unlimited quantities. Eating meat should be limited to two meals in seven days, as opposed to fish that you can eat in larger quantities. Pay attention to salt intake during the day, because it should not exceed more than 5-7g a day. Reduce coffee intake, preferably completely remove cigarettes and alcoholic beverages. Drink at least 1.5 to 2 litres of water – we recommend a mild non-carbonated mineral water and herbal tea. Leg thrombosis next to drugs and exercise is best treated with Mediterranean cuisine. Doctors often recommend magnesium, vitamin E and various enzymes in the form of effervescent tablets or capsules.


Pregnant women are ten times at higher risk of thrombosis than women of same age who are not in the second stage. Then the pressure of the uterus on surrounding varicose veins significantly slows the flow of blood. Leg Thrombosis in pregnancy can be treated with injections of heparin because they prevent the increase of blood clots, and not harm the baby in development. That kind of treatment is usually carried out until the end of pregnancy and extends to and after childbirth to at least 6 weeks. The therapy may continue longer if necessary. This decision is made by your doctor at the repeated examination, therapy is usually applied for 3 months.


The bacteria may also be the cause of thrombosis. It can occur in the inflammation of the middle ear caused by thrombosis in certain veins of the brain. Apices in the upper half of the face must be seriously treated. In any case, the disease should not neglected or the bacteria penetrate the surrounding tissues.


At the very end there is one interesting thing: A French study that was done at the Pasteur Institute in Nice proved that trip that lasts longer than 4 hours increases the risk of disease by as much as 400%. Then elastic stockings are recommended because they significantly reduce the risk, exercises for the feet (toes-heel-toe) every 30 minutes and drinking larger amounts of liquids. If you are scared of leg thrombosis and let’s say you say you are traveling by plane, train, bus or car, you definitely need to apply this helpful advices.

We recommend that you read the article: atherosclerosis prevention and treatment.

How to treat leg vein thrombosis?