Endometriosis of ovaries and how to treat it

Ovarian endometriosis causes infertility

Endometriosis is a disease more specifically a chronic disorder that over 90 million women face around the world, and most often it occurs in the reproductive age, usually between 25 and 35 years (rarely it can occur before puberty, and in the climax it always stops). Women with ovarian dysfunction have a higher risk of the disease, and those who have never given birth or who are shorter than 27 cycles, and who have menstrual bleeding for more than seven days.

Also, exposed to the risk are women who’s some family members fought or struggled with this disorder. What are the symptoms of endometriosis, how the disease is diagnosed and treated, and what diet is recommended to alleviate symptoms, find out below.

What is ovarian endometriosis and how does it occur?

Although it has not yet been determined exactly why ovarian endometriosis occurs, there are several possible causes. These are the retrograde menstruations (the blood from parts of the endometrium returns back through the fallopian tubes into the uterus), excessive secretion of estrogen as a consequence of obesity or menstruating early in life (before the eleventh-twelfth year), and a weakened immune system, which can destroy the endometrial tissue outside uterine cavity.
If the lining of the uterine cavity (or endometrial tissue) is found outside the uterus and thereby causing a chronic inflammatory reaction - it is endometriosis. The endometrium in this case, in the form of lumps, nodules or cysts in different colours, sizes and shapes, can occur on the surface of connections uterus, the ovaries, the fallopian tube in the bladder, in the abdominal sac along the lateral pelvic wall, and rarely on organs outside the small pelvis.

Ovarian endometriosis is ten to twenty times more common in infertile women – with the existence of periadnexal adhesions, structural damage to the fallopian tubes and ovaries, and altered anatomical relationships interfere with ovulation, accepting eggs cells acts as a mechanical factor of infertility.

What are the symptoms of ovarian endometriosis

When they occur, the symptoms of endometriosis may mimic signs of other diseases, such as kidney infection or urinary tract, celiac disease, and appendicitis. It is therefore very important to establish the exact diagnosis. The most common symptom is severe pain in the pelvis, and there are frequent and painful menstruations, and pain during intercourse. Ovarian endometriosis in some individuals is manifested as a rather vague, but very intense and extended pain.

While in some women problems are almost completely absent, in others endometrium responds to hormonal disorders during menstruation, and in the same way as when it is inside the uterus – it spreads and bleeds, which can cause severe pain, usually in the pelvis. In addition, there is a frequent pain during sexual intercourse, abnormal menstrual cycle, too heavy menstrual bleeding, or bleeding between cycles, and pain during urination. You may encounter some fatigue, constipation or diarrhoea, and ovarian endometriosis is sometimes the cause of infertility in women.

Depending on the localization of endometrium there are other very different symptoms of the disease, and a good diagnosis is necessary. The causes of pain that occurs during the illness is still not fully understood. For accurate diagnosis of this disorder it is necessary to do systematic and careful examination by an experienced endoscopist, who is familiar with different forms of endometriosis.

Diagnosis and treatment of the diseases

The doctor may ask for the first ultrasound of the pelvis, but ovarian endometriosis is confirmed by laparoscopy only – a small cut is made on the stomach and then a thin optical tube (laparoscope) with the lens at the top is put inside, which allows the physician precise insight into the inside of the pelvis. This can determine the number, size and position of endometrial tissue outside the uterus, and this method is most effective in the treatment of endometriosis.

In addition, the treatment involves the medication for the pain, exercises to relax (mostly in women who are on the threshold of menopause), and hormone therapy. However, the only way to completely eliminate ovarian endometriosis is surgery (laparoscopy or hysterectomy, that is, removal of the uterus).

What are the experiences in the diagnosis?

Distribution, depth and localization of foci are entered in the standard operating model, making it possible to classify the disease in four stages. Knowing the stage of a clinical and therapeutic significance, roughly correlates with prognosis and therapy, but is not a clinical problems.

The diagnosis is overlooked by at least ten percent of women with this disorder, and more than fifty percent of them have a lower degree of endometriosis because of anticipating a typical foci. A typical hot spots are black, bluish or brown nodules. Red, haemorrhagic spots and petechial are active forms of the disease. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging may play a role in revealing the deep infiltrative endometriosis forms of the bladder, rectum, bowel and ureter.

Endometriosis and Pregnancy

If ovarian endometriosis is diagnosed it significantly reduces the chances of getting pregnant. Then, the reproductive capacity is lower, and women who have chosen to have offspring have a big problem to make it happen. For 35 percent of women who have problems with infertility, is the same head cause problem. Spontaneous pregnancy results in five percent of women with the fourth, and 25 percent in the third stage of the disease.

Surgery of endometriosis

The disease can be eliminated from the organism only with surgical treatment. After surgical reconstruction removal of adhesions and endometriosis foci, fertility in 40 to 80 percent of people is established

What diet with endometriosis is recommended

Eat foods without fat and wheat

Several studies have shown that fatty foods favoured endometriosis, especially trans-fats, which can cause heart problems, and increase the level of blood sugar. Therefore, avoid deep fried and fried foods. Do not use a table margarine for sweets, and try to consume small amounts of red meat and full-fat milk and milk products (the best is to use coconut or almond milk).

Also, many women who were diagnosed with ovarian endometriosis noted the improvement when they stopped eating citrus, which can disrupt the production of estrogen. Also, this applies to wheat bread, but we need more tests to reveal whether gluten from the grains worsens the symptoms of endometriosis.

Try to make your diet rich

Experts assume that there is a link between oxidative stress and endometrioses. This means that the menu should be rich in foods that are rich in antioxidants, particularly selenium and vitamins A, C and based on fresh ingredients of organic origins – avoid industrial processed foods full of additives!

Overall, on a daily basis  at least 75 grams of high quality protein from egg whites, non-fat dairy products and fish, which is rich in omega-3 fats should be incorporated into the body (unlike trans fats, which worsen the symptoms of endometriosis, fatty acids reduce them). You also need to consume nuts, legumes, red berries and green leafy vegetables.

Be sure to eat fibre foods

Ovarian endometriosis causes numerous accompanying problems, one of them is constipation. To prevent constipation, which can exacerbate existing symptoms, eat high-fibre foods (daily at least 30 grams of fibre) - fresh fruit and vegetables, legumes and whole grains. Liquid is also very important - it is recommended that you drink a day at least eight glasses of water and avoid soda, coffee and alcohol.

If you smoke, you should quit smoking. Foods rich in magnesium and vitamins B - complex are also recommended, especially vegetables in the crucifer family. On the other hand, since ovarian endometriosis can cause heavy bleeding, you should take enough iron - the best sources are liver, oysters, legumes, cereals, pumpkin seeds and green leafy vegetables.

At the very end we have prepared four excellent recipes:

Pancakes with fruit
  • For two medium pancakes - mix half a cup of oats, four egg whites, three core nuts and a teaspoon of cinnamon. Bake in olive oil and serve with organic honey and red berries.

Cabbage and spinach salad

Whether it comes to ovarian endometriosis or not, this extraordinary salad definitely needs to be prepared and tried, it is very aromatic.
  • Put 250g of kale in a large bowl, add a little kosher salt, a tablespoon of black pepper, two tablespoons of cold-pressed olive oil, shredded cloves of garlic, a tablespoon of grated fresh ginger and half a teaspoon of turmeric. Stir, then add a young spinach, 200 g of mung bean sprouts and two tablespoons of Goji berries. Mix everything and serve.

Oat cookies
  • Mix a cup of whole-wheat flour, three cups of oats, salt, brown sugar and a teaspoon of baking powder. Combine the mixture with previously beaten two eggs and 150 g of soft butter. When everything is well blended, shape the cookies and bake them at 200 degrees C until they become golden brown.

Pineapple and papaya shake
  • Mix a cup of fresh pineapple in a blender, cup chopped papaya, salt, fresh leaves of spinach, one spoon with seeds, two tablespoons of fresh ginger root and a cup of coconut milk. Drink immediately, or after it rests in the refrigerator.

We hope that you find out what is ovarian endometriosis and how this disease is treated, if you believe that our article was useful and worthy of attention, recommend it to your friends.