Medlar fruit as a medicine for good health

How to use medlar as a medicine

Medlar, a fruit with an interesting name also known as a wild plumb, is grown all across the Europe for more than 3000 years. Although this is a plant whose fruits are very delicious and with healing properties and which is even mentioned in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, lately people have forgotten about it. The reason is that the modern way of life undoubtedly imposes new standards in terms of nutrition, as well as the treatment using synthetic products and preparations.

On the other hand, medlar can be used as a remedy and as a part of a daily diet.  Since this is a plant that thrives in our region, you will surely be interested in its cultivation and it will find a place in your backyard. In the following article we will present this fruit, give guidelines for its planting and cultivation, present its healing properties and give you few recipes that will further your interest in this unusual plant.

Cultivation, planting and prevalence of medlar

When it comes to medlar (Mespilus germanica), in our region it can be grown as ornamental trees that bear brown fruit in the early summer which in appearance are reminiscent of pomegranate. This plant thrives in soil that is regularly fertilized and irrigated, and as far as temperature conditions are concerned most favourable are warm air with moderate exposure to sunlight. Since her leaves and flowers are quite sensitive to gusts of wind, it is best to grow medlar in places that are naturally sheltered.

The tree of medlar can grow about 2 meters in height, although it often happens that it uncontrollably grows up to 7 meters. Therefore, cultivators are regularly trimming them so these stems may resemble shrubs. Planting of medlar can be performed in the period from November to March. If you decide to plant more than one seedling the distance between each seed should be at least 5 to 6 meters in order to ensure normal development of the plant.  If you do not want wind to damage stems, you can put a post next to a plant and gently fasten it with a rope in order to give it more stability and strength.
In March it is important to do soil fertilisation, humus and compost can be used. Maintaining adequate moisture is essential for a plant to thrive and give good fruit. It is therefore essential to regularly irrigate during the summer. Repeat this procedure for the first four years, and after that you can stop because every tree will have a well developed root that goes deep into the ground where it can draw water from the soil on its own.

Fruits can be picked in late October or early November, or until early frost starts to appear. The vintage of medlar therefore should be carried in a dry period, and the fruit can be consumed as fresh as cooked or as jam or liquor.

medlarHealing properties and health benefits of medlar

Medlar plant does not contain many nutrients as other fruits, but their concentration is more than sufficient to favourably affect our health. For example, it is rich in vitamin A and C and vitamin complexes B1 and B2.

When it comes to other medicinal properties of medlar, it contains a lot of protein, tannin, pectin, natural organic acids with a low level of carbohydrates. As for the minerals, it is rich in potassium, calcium, magnesium and iron, so it is safe to say that the daily consumption of this fruit will give your body the necessary dose of substances that will provide you with vitality and strengthen your immune system.

Bearing in mind all the medicinal benefits, you need to know that this plant is versatile when it comes to medication, which is increasingly used in an alternative medicine. Even during the Roman times it was known that this sweet fruit soothes the stomach and eliminates all other issues connected with stomach. Today, medlar is used as a drug against digestive problems, and can be considered a natural diuretic and laxative and as such can be eaten to regulate bowel movement.

People who have problems with liver or kidneys are advised to regularly consume this fruit. The medlar improves the health of these organs by providing better hydration and detoxification of the entire body. It eliminates all toxins via urine from the body, at the same time reducing the level of cholesterol in the blood, which has positive effects on overall health.

Medlar tea is good for men

Medlar tea is beneficial and recommended to drink twice a day to solve problems such as dizziness, infection of the mouth and throat, and is very effective for the treatment of impotence in men.

The conditions caused by bleeding gums can easily be avoided if you wash your mouth several times a day with this beverage, and at the same time you will naturally provide yourself a fresh and pleasant breath.

Since medlar plant contains calories in small quantities, it is safe to consume it if you are on a diet. In addition, due to its healing properties, and low concentrations of hydrocarbons, it is suitable for diabetics, and is often recommended to them.

How to prepare the medlar tea

For the preparation of this beverage you need a couple of finely chopped fresh medlars. Pour 2 dl of boiling water over them, cover and let it sit for about an hour. After that, filter it and drink it two to three times a day, because the medlar tea will be very beneficial for your body.

The best recipes with medlar

This fruit is very tasty and as such can be consumed fresh, and often can be found in the form of juice, tea, jams and liqueurs. If you eat it in any form as long as it enters the body, you will be sure that it will provide your body with a good source of medicinal substances and minerals. Below we give you some suggestions on how to prepare these healthy products at home.

Make a phenomenal jam

To begin with, you must be interested in how to make a jam out of medlar, which was once an integral part of a traditional household. For the preparation of this homemade goodie you need:

-1 kg of medlar
-1 kg of honey
-0.7 l of water

Boil the water in a saucepan and add honey. Stir until it blends together and then add well washed medlar into the pot. Cook it for 50 minutes to an hour, stirring constantly. After that, pour the hot jam in glass jars, close them tightly and store them in a cool place. The next day you can eat this tasty and healthy homemade jam.

Medlar liqueur recipe

To prepare this homemade liqueur, you need:

-250 g of medlar
-2 dl of water
-130 grams of brown sugar
-5 dl of 40% brandy

Wash the medlar fruit, cut off the stems; and then insert them all in a glass bottle that has a wide neck. Boil the water with sugar in a pot and leave it to cool a little. After that, pour the mixture into the bottle and then add brandy. Close the bottle and shake the entire contents well.

The liqueur prepared in this way needs to be shaken every day and it needs to rest for about two weeks at a room temperature. After two weeks filter it through fine gauze and pour it into the other bottle.