UV radiation | sun exposure | protection from the sun | suntan cream


UV radiation and sun exposure

UV radiation today is a global environmental problem, and in this article we will try to explain how dangerous exposure to the sun is, what adequate protection from the sun is and what are the current findings and how can we protect ourselves. Even though probably you think you already know all about the negative effects of the sun and we think that today there is a large number of sunscreens available and that we should not worry, there are little things that we often forget the small errors which we are not aware off, which may be important in the prevention of increasingly frequent harmful effects of sun exposure. Which should also be accepted is that there is no magic sunscreen that will protect us 100%.

UV radiation – we apply too little sunscreen

The recommended dose of sunscreen for the face area is the size of a dime in diameter. Be sure to apply sunscreen to all exposed skin at least twenty minutes before you start your exposure to the sun and sunlight, it takes some time for sunscreen to reach all the layers of the skin.

UV radiation penetrates through the clouds

UV radiation and UV rays are harmful in the hottest summer days and in those cloudy winter ones. Apply protection regardless of whether the sun is visible or not, because UV rays can also affect us through clouds.

Reapply sunscreen regularly on the skin

It does not matter what protection factor you use because the operating time is equal for them all. If your sunscreen has a high protection factor it will not protect you from the harmful effects of the sun all day because of dust, sweat and clothing removes layers of it from the skin. For effective protection it is necessary to apply sunscreen every 90 minutes.
UV radiation - sunscreen and low protection factor

Persons with white and lighter skin or with sensitive skin should use much higher protection factor than those with naturally darker skin. Maybe your skin will darken faster with less sun protection factor and you will get a dark complexion much faster, but you will be less protected and more exposed to the risk of skin cancer and other malignancies. With a high sun protection factor (over 20) the skin will darken, but you will also be protected from harmful UV rays.


UV radiation - neglected areas and parts of the body

There are parts of the body that we most often forget to protect. These are the scalp, ears and feet.
Regardless of being covered with hair, scalp and ears are also exposed to dangerous sun rays. Our feet are often on the move, so they are neglected. Skin on feet is thin and also needs protection. Also, dust and shoes remove it from the skin so we have to reapply it as often as possible.

UV radiation - additional factor and sun protection

Applying a sunscreen with a protection factor of 15 or 20 over 30 factors and more - will strengthen the functioning of protection, but you should use a high protection factor as much as possible and you will be far more secure because it is a much better protection from the sun.

Make up instead of sunscreen

While most cosmetic products for the face contains things with protective factors, dermatologists confirm that it would require 7 x greater amount of make up to be normally applied for the effective protection in order to be equal to sun protection products.

Medicines and food additionally increase the sensitivity of the skin

Pharmaceutical products, such as birth control pills and drugs regulate blood pressure and increase the sensitivity of the skin to the harmful rays of the sun. Also, lemon, celery and parsley contain photo-sensitive ingredients in combination with sun's rays can cause dark patches on the skin.

UV radiation and neglecting the lips

Lips are the area which are constantly exposed to the sun and from which sunscreen protection is easily removed. While we talk, eat or drink, we remove protection and therefore it should be applied more often. Lipstick often contains sunscreen, it is best to take conditioners with more protection factor, because the skin on the lips is very sensitive and thin and we very often forget or are not aware of that.

Sunbathing in Pregnancy

Exposure to sun during the period from 11 to 17 h is not recommended to anyone particularly pregnant women. Keep into account that sunbathing in pregnancy raises the body temperature, and blood pressure and can cause dehydration of the body. This affects the baby and you expose it to the unnecessary risk. As a result of dehydration there is a sunstroke, which can have major implications for the baby, it, that cause premature birth, while the high temperature in early pregnancy can cause damage to the baby. That is why it is recommended for pregnant women, not to expose themselves to the sun often because you can get dark complexion, in the shade as well and it is safe for the baby. Pregnant women are recommended to drink plenty of fluids, eat lighter food. Our recommendation is Mediterranean cuisine that is applied with a sunscreen as well as to put an inevitable beach hat.

Related articles: Sun allergy and swelling of legs.


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