Diabetes Symptoms | nutrition | complications


Diabetes Symptoms

Diabetes symptoms such as severe thirst, frequent urination, problems with the eyes and vision, difficult wound healing, chronic fatigue, frequent hunger, eczema on the skin -Unfortunately affect an increasing number of population.

WHAT IS DIABETES?

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a chronic, incurable metabolic disorder, which is characterized by chronically elevated blood glucose levels. Diseases caused by the termination or insufficient secretion of insulin, a hormone that is produced in the pancreas, becomes disturbed and ruins metabolism of proteins, carbohydrates and fats. After longer pathologic changes in the structure and function of the nerves, blood vessels and vital organs disease is known, can be called a disease of modern times, since it is usually occurs due to the modern lifestyle - lack of exercise, malnutrition and, consequently, obesity.

Blood glucose and insulin

The human body uses energy to primarily provide carbohydrates from food, and most foods are broken down into a simple sugar - glucose. This compound is transferred via the blood stream to the cells so that they supply it with energy. Without insulin, glucose cannot penetrate to the cells, and is retained in the blood, and when its level continuously exceed 7 mmol (126 mg / dL), it is a pathological condition in medicine known as diabetes. Diabetes occurs in old age as a result of general degenerative and sclerotic changes in the organism (that affect the pancreas), and in young adults may be due to hereditary disorders or pancreatic damage due to certain infectious diseases.

DIABETES SYMPTOMS

Strong and constant thirst, increased need to urinate, weight loss, frequent hunger and constant need for food, poor circulation, itching of the skin and dry skin, long healing of wounds on the body, frequent infections (candida, etc.) vaginal infections, blurred vision, weakness and fatigue, numbness of the hands and feet are the symptoms of diabetes which is sometimes cleverly disguised and cannot be so easily discovered. Our recommendation is to periodically measure the sugar level in your blood. In case of the presence of a large number of these symptoms you should definitely consult your doctor.

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is the most severe form of diabetes which occurs when cells in the pancreas (beta cells) produce a very small amount of insulin or do not produce it at all. Although type 1 diabetes occurs in all age groups, most frequently it is encountered in children and youth. The therapy with insulin is applied from the first day, and the treatment includes strict control of blood sugar levels, diet and physical activity.
Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form, both in our country and in the world. The pancreas of people with type 2 produces insufficient insulin or the body creates resistance (immunity) to this hormone. It occurs most often in adults (older than 40) and obese patients. The modern way of life is very good for the development of this type of diabetes. Therapy combines - diet, and oral antidiabetic drugs (tablets), with moderate and regular physical activity. If the treatment of diabetes does not work, introduced is insulin with the option to include oral anti-diabetics.

Diabetes in pregnant women

This form of diabetes is caused changes in the hormonal balance of women that can lead to disturbances in the secretion of insulin and, consequently, increased levels of glucose in the blood. To a higher risk are exposed pregnant women who are older than 25 years, if they were overweight before pregnancy, especially those that have a genetic predisposition to develop their diabetes mellitus. Usually, the glucose levels stabilize after birth, however, women who have diabetes during pregnancy later become more susceptible to type 2 diabetes.

CAUSES OF DIABETES
  • Hereditary factors: the tendency for diabetes is transmitted directly to the children, and whether the disease is manifested depends on other factors, and it is the reason why the sugar disease does not occur with any offspring. Also, diabetics do not always have the disease in a family history. 
  • Other diseases and conditions: There are diseases that can cause diabetes (as a secondary form of the disease), but most often it comes to chronic disorders (alcoholism, diseases of the pancreas ...) and various endocrine disorders (adrenal glands, pituitary gland, thyroid ...). In such cases, the causes of diabetes are the same as on those that led to the underlying disease.
  • Risk factors are the excessive consumption of sweets, abundant nutrition and obesity, physical inactivity, the transitional period in both men and women (menopause, climax) resistance to infection and stress.
  • Medications that usually provoke the development of diabetes are anti-rheumatic drugs, drugs against chronic respiratory diseases, some kidney and skin diseases and various allergic states. It happens that blood sugar is elevated and from the use of antihypertensive drugs and diuretics, as well as birth control pills.

DIABETES COMPLICATIONS

Frequent complications of diabetes are hypoglycemic coma, ocular diseases (diabetic retinopathy, cataract, glaucoma of the eye), kidney disease (nephropathy, infection, renal insufficiency, necrosis papillae), cardiovascular disorders (hypertension, coronary heart disease including myocardial infarction, stroke, degenerative changes in the blood vessels, especially the legs), diabetic foot (ulcers, infections, gangrene), skin diseases (infections, blisters, redness and blisters, reduced sensitivity to heat). Long term diabetes can cause nerve damage known as diabetic neuropathy. This disorder develops gradually and imperceptibly, and the first symptom is usually numbness of the toes or feet.

Erectile dysfunction is also one of the complications of diabetes which increases with age, but usually occurs ten to fifteen years earlier in men with normal blood glucose.

PREVENTION OF DIABETES

On genetics as a risk factor we cannot influence and it is beyond our control, but what can be done to prevent diabetes is to change the lifestyle and diet, and therefore healthy habits should be cultivated from an early age. Incorrect food, a small number of meals and irregular physical activity leads to disturbances in the regulation of blood sugar levels and endangers health. We should not be allowed to develop diabetes mellitus and allow it to come to complications affecting the entire organism. Still the most difficult are the ones that cause permanent disability - blindness, heart attack, stroke, amputation of the leg or dialysis, because they interfere with normal life. Large misconception is that pills, insulin or any medical therapy can destroy sugar. Drugs stimulate the pancreas to secrete more insulin, and to make good cells responsible for sugar in your body. Blood glucose levels can be reduced only by physical activity - walking, swimming, riding bicycle.  So the diabetics are advised to at least half an hour a day, devote to moderate exercise.

NUTRITION WITH DIABETES

When it comes to diet, diabetics should eat less but more frequent meals and to be guided by the so-called fist and palm rule. Fruit should be consumed in the amount of the fist, and should not be eaten after 18h. Vegetables and salads are taken in an amount corresponding to the dimensions of two fists, and bread (required from comprehensive grains) and meat - the size of the palm. Dinner should not be skipped, but it is advisable eat it until 20:30 pm, and three hours after the meal eat some dairy products (milk, yogurt, kefir) or a bowl of fresh salad of cabbage, kohlrabi, carrots. Also, it is not recommended that food is prepared in oil, but in the water and later you can add a teaspoon of olive oil. Be sure to read the text: natural treatment of diabetes, on our second page where we have prepared several recipes and preparations with herbs for this condition.

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