Obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms | treatment


Obsessive compulsive disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD for short, is manifested in many forms, all of them are characterized by obsessive thoughts followed by various actions (compulsions), which are aimed at reducing tensions of a sick person. Obsessive compulsive disorder is different from other anxiety disorders such as phobias or panic attacks, and is the fact that obsession does not depend on the will of the patient, who is usually aware of their irrationality, however, cannot get rid of them, despite his or her critical attitude towards them. Compulsions or forced to lessen the difficulties and inconveniences caused by obsessive thoughts, creating a sense of relief transient and short-term security.

Obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms of the disease

OCD symptoms sometimes occurs suddenly, but more often develops gradually, for months, and even years. Symptoms of OCD usually occur as a result of harmless ritual actions, which eventually grow into a serious obligation, compromising the quality of life, to eventually become a serious problem that requires adequate treatment. The most common signs that someone has obsessive compulsive disorder is a concern weather everything is in order, organization, respect of the rules and schedules, perfectionism, absolute dedication and inflexibility in behaviour and attitudes. Even some typical obsessive thoughts include: fear of dirt and infection, suspicious, aggressive thoughts, fear of making mistakes. The most widespread obsessive thoughts is often followed by compulsive actions such as uncontrolled hand washing and cleaning, the need for balance, count and sort objects on schedule known only to the patient. OCD in severe cases is characterized by even physical symptoms as hair loss, tics, and inflammation of the skin caused by constant hand washing. The content of obsession can be different and often is associated with what is currently happening in the patient's life. It can be connected with religion, transmitted diseases, and bad weather. Obsessive compulsive disorder in practice leads in connection with the loss of control, detail and symmetry, death, purity, physical injuries, aggressive and sexual content or decisions to be made. One should not ignore the fear of the upcoming aggression and sudden uncontrolled and anti-social behaviour or even injury of others. It is important to note that most patients are aware of the irrationality of their thoughts and behaviour, but are forced to execute them to contain panic and pervasive fear.

Life in fear and obsessive compulsive disorder

A person who has obsessive compulsive disorder performs different tasks in order to feel relief from the tension created by the obsession. To other people these tasks are strange at the very least, strange or unnecessary, but patients are seen as extremely important. For example, constantly checking whether the car is locked before you want to leave the parking lot, and turning on the lights a certain number of times before leaving the premises, washing hands at intervals during the day. If prevented to do a complete execution of the set of rituals, these people feel strong discomfort, anxiety or panic, and all because of a completely irrational idea that something terrible will happen if the initial idea was not put into effect. Such dark thoughts and actions deprive them a considerable amount of free time, which negatively affects their family life and work capacity, and as a final outcome of this situation depression is possible.

Obsessive compulsive disorder; CAUSES

For obsessive compulsive disorder medical practice has not realized the exact causes and a major dispute leads to questions about whether it is psychological or neurological disorder. Some studies suggest that people who react violently to stressful life events are more likely prone to ritualistic behaviour and to have compulsory thoughts, but such claims have not yet received a valid scientific confirmation.
How to diagnose the obsessive compulsive disorder?

To a person who was diagnosed with obsessive compulsive disorder the person has to have for the two weeks (or longer) a "full head" of obsessive thoughts and compulsive actions which are performed roadside, which cause pain, discomfort, stress and interfere with daily tasks, including disruption of interpersonal relationships and other social activities. Diagnosis of OCD is a very thankless job for doctors, because patients are often reluctant to talk about the details of their condition, avoiding detailed description of symptoms because of fear of condemnation. Often the obsession with sick people is associated with the idea that the detection of symptoms will embarrass and demean them and as a result of this fear arises accompanied with withdrawal and social isolation. The reasons for obsessive compulsive disorder remain undetected, and often are unaccepted by the environment. One of the goals of this method is also the solution to get rid of fear of the condition?

Obsessive compulsive disorder; TREATMENT

Obsessive compulsive personality disorder is neurotic - an anxiety disorder, manifested through long-term overflowing of anxiety accompanied by irrational fears. Research shows that the occurrence of OCD operates in a range of genetic and environmental factors, but a concrete answer to what is causing it is still not know. What makes obsessive compulsive disorder different from other anxiety disorders is the fact that the tension and fear associated with compulsive thoughts - obsessions - that person repeats even though the patient does not want to. Such a person recognizes these thoughts as irrational, and in many ways trying to avoid them, or pushes, but often it does not succeed, but they continue to penetrate the mind of hours, days, sometimes longer. Obsessive thoughts are often accompanied by fear of potential aggression, as well as the possibility of injury or other sudden uncontrolled and anti-social behaviour (yelling, swearing, etc.). For many people the only solution is performing a ritual or stereotyped actions that will be neutralize these thoughts, decreases the fear is a potential danger being avoided. The person recognizes that while these rituals are excessive or unreasonable, but believes that everything has to be done if it wants to eliminate the danger and thus reduce anxiety. Due to such things there is a reduced level of control, these rituals and activities are called compulsive or coercive actions. The patient repeats them even though they do want to because they know that they will feel bad if they do not carry out the work.


OCD treatment has two main approaches: medicament, in the form of antidepressants that act on the chemical reactions in the brain, and psychotherapy, aimed at reviewing the convictions of obsessive person about the feelings of anger, anxiety, doubt, self-loathing, inferiority, the experience of satisfaction. In therapy poor parts of the personality set strict moral criteria. A person who has obsessive compulsive disorder learns to distinguish error from sin, and its proceedings. The most important thing is to realize that, even if they really do something wrong and bad, that does not mean that it is bad.

Obsessive compulsive disorder in children and adults

Obsessive compulsive disorder is most common during adolescence or early adulthood, between 18 and 25 years, but not in childhood. Various studies show that from this disorder suffer 2 to 3 per cent of the population, but it is certain that it does not know the sex differences - from which suffer equally men and women. The problem with young people and adults is that they are reluctant to speak about their condition, while the children, on the other hand, generally are not clear what is happening to them. Common to them is that their lives can be equally disturbed by symptoms and inadequate treatment of the disorder.


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