Uraemia kidney disease in adults


What is uraemia and how to treat kidney diseases?

As the final stage of chronic renal failure, uraemia disease represents a condition that can seriously endanger life. Medical nutrition therapy for this condition is very complex, so that the recommendations should be highly individualized, depending on the patient's nutritional status, clinical findings and the results of laboratory analysis of blood and urine. Nutrition with kidney disease should include enough calories, but low in protein, salt, potassium and phosphorus, if they are increased their levels in the blood. More about the causes, symptoms and treatment of this serious kidney disease find bellow.

How to prevent kidney failure in time

Kidney health is very important for the good condition of the entire body. These organs forms are valid for root and basis of the human body and their role in maintaining the chemical composition of body fluids is essential for the functioning of the whole body. In addition, the metabolism controls kidneys, bladder and genital organs, and provides heat and energy for the healthy functioning of the body. Kidneys have difficult operation when overloaded with toxins, and decaying quietly and slowly. This means that kidney disease can progress for years without any symptoms or problems.

When chronic kidney disease went into its terminal phase, usually causes a set of symptoms and phenomena that make uremic syndrome, known in medicine as uraemia, although it can also be caused by acute diseases of these organs. The content of protein in the kidney is reduced by the diet, to reduce the formation of urea in the blood and prevent further damage to the kidneys. The amount of protein is determined purely individually, and the diet included foods of animal and vegetable origin.

Uraemia symptoms of kidney disease

Uraemia, roughly said indicates the presence of urine in the blood, but it is the toxic substances that are normally excreted by our urine. The damaged kidneys fail to filter out harmful, especially nitrogen components in the blood, but they cannot expel urine. Their presence in the blood acts toxic to the body and can seriously disrupt the function of many organs.

Uraemia may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and cause severe anaemia. It also includes problems with skin - when the kidneys are damaged, the concentration of phosphorus in the blood rises, causing irritating itching, especially in the back, chest, head and limbs. The concentration of calcium in the body also gets disrupted - kidney disease disrupt the work of the parathyroid glands, which then secrete more of the hormone that suck the calcium from the bones. It causes pain in the joints and weakening of the bones.

People who have kidney failure and who are diagnosed with uraemia, often have problems with insomnia and depression. In addition, their breathing is deepened and accelerated, and can sense and muscle cramps. Very common symptoms of kidney disease are problems with digestion, which can cause loss of appetite (some people complain that the food has a different taste), vomiting or diarrhoea. Uraemia can cause visual disturbances, but also a complete loss of consciousness.

Kidney diseases such as uraemia are cured with correct treatment, and in most cases require hospitalization. Patients are often referred to dialysis, and in the most severe cases on a kidney transplant, if there are conditions for it.
What kind of diet and nutrition in kidney diseases is recommended?

Since the disorder of the kidneys do not cause the same problems in all patients, a detailed diet plan can be put together by a nutritionist exclusively in cooperation with the nephrologist. Diet with kidney disease is recommended to limit the intake of sodium in the body, because when the kidneys are sick - it can cause an increase in blood pressure, the occurrence of pulmonary oedema, and even heart attack. Most of it is in table salt, which should be replaced by kosher or Himalayan salt. Sodium, among other things, enters in the composition of soy sauce, ketchup, dried meat and meat products, ready-made soups, fast foods, canned vegetables and vinegar, but these foods are not recommended, especially when it comes to uraemia.

Here are some very useful tips:
  • When making a sandwich, cut thin slices of bread and meat as well. Add lettuce, cucumber, grated celery. Hypoproteic bread is recommended.
  • To meat soups, add rice or pasta without eggs to reduce the amount of meat,
  • Eat meat in cooked meals with vegetables, pasta or rice,
  • Eat chopped meat, so that you meet the prescribed amount in the diet plan.
  • In order to prevent kidney disease and in order to keep them healthy as long as possible and preserve them from further damage, it is extremely important to reduce the consumption of salt and avoid canned foods, salty snacks, cold meats, smoked cheeses, olives, pickles, ready meals, canned soup, a mixture of spices, fast food.
  • Do not add more salt to food, use herbal spices to add flavouring Avoid and potassium salt.
  • Uraemia of kidneys requires of each patient to individually read the declaration of the product and avoid foods that contain salt, phosphates, nitrates, nitrites, monosodium glutamate, disodium phosphate and other additives.


Without optimal amounts of potassium - the heart and the nervous system cannot function normally. The excess of this mineral is excreted in the urine, unless there is a disorder of the kidneys. Then the concentration of potassium in the blood, which can slow the heart rate, can cause weakness, nausea and stiffness. Therefore, when it comes to the diseases of the kidneys it is advised avoiding foods containing high amounts of minerals. These include avocados, kiwi, bananas, dried fruits, spinach, sweet potatoes, and tomatoes, chocolate.

On the other hand, food for the kidneys that is recommended cannot contain a lot of minerals, such as apples, grapes, peaches, watermelon, carrots, cabbage, sweet peppers and onion. Phosphorus is not recommended, because the disease can worsen therefore avoid foods like yeast, mushrooms and seeds.

The dosage of protein and fluids with uraemia

If you were diagnosed with uraemia, you should avoid protein because it is more waste that cannot be excreted through the urine. However, they should not be completely removed from diet.
  • The recommended daily dose of protein is from 0.60 to 0.75 grams per kilogram of body weight. But do not worry, it's not as bad as it seems. In fact, 100 grams of chicken meat contains 21 grams of protein, while in a boiled egg there is about 6 grams of protein.

So, for kidney disease in adults you should be able to eat foods rich in protein in normal amounts, but do not make meals on your own, but you should consult with a nutritionist. On the other hand, some experts say that you should limit consumption of fluids. The uraemia is very complex because it is accompanied by urination problems, but the liquid that remains in the body can cause bloating, high blood pressure and pulmonary oedema. The daily quantity of drunk liquid should be about half a litre higher than those extracted through urine.

Good food for kidneys - Recipes

Shake with peaches and grapes
  • Blend two ripe paddy peaches of medium size, ten grapes, spoon yogurt and a quarter cup of milk. Pour into a large glass, add a few ice cubes and drink immediately.

Chicken with cauliflower
  • Chop 100g of chicken breasts and bake in the oven for a few minutes. Then insert the chopped cauliflower and stir. Add a quarter cup of finely chopped parsley leaves, a little minced garlic and olive oil or coconut oil. Leave in the oven (occasionally stir) until the chicken is roasted, and cauliflower is tender.

Uraemia is a very serious disease with and should be taken as such so with the prescribed therapy, it is very important to have a properly dosed nutrition, as well as for many other kidney diseases, here are a few great recipes.

Apples with cabbage and onions
  • Heat a little olive oil and add the chopped apple of medium sized and chopped onion. Stir for 5 minutes to soften the apples and onions take on a brownish colour. Add half of the grated medium cabbage and mix for 3 minutes. Season with Himalaya salt to taste.

Cucumber and carrot juice
  • Blend two large peeled carrots, one peeled cucumber and a little of ginger root, Drink after it cools a bit in the fridge.

We hope that you found out what uraemia is and how to prevent kidney disease in time.


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