Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy


What is toxoplasmosis during pregnancy and how to treat it?

This infection is transmitted by domestic animals, pets, mostly cats, and is especially bad during pregnancy because pregnant women show almost no visible symptoms of the disease, but there is an infection of the fetus. It is an infectious disease that is among the zoonosis group, which causes the micro-organism Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that exists in the body of the transferor (mostly cats) and enters into the environment via cat faeces. The disease can be transmitted via inadequately cooked food, dirty hands, and congenitally from mother to fetus. Mothers would on the basis of all this should accept the fact that cats and pregnancy are not exactly the most ideal combination. In our article we give you a few useful tips and solutions for this problem.

TOXOPLASMOSIS SYMPTOMS

In order to detect toxoplasmosis in pregnancy, there is an aggravating circumstance, and because the infection is difficult to recognize, because there are no specific symptoms of toxoplasmosis, especially in healthy adults. If they occur they are usually manifested by the signs of milder flu: swollen and sore throat, muscle aches and low-grade fever, and may occur months after infection and usually last only a few weeks. However, once infected unpleasant parasites toxoplasma infection will long remain in your body, and sometimes it happens to be activated in a few months later, and sometimes only for a few years. When it comes to toxoplasmosis in pregnancy, it is an interesting fact that a lot of weight is transmitted to the infection in the first trimester of pregnancy (14-17 percent) in the second quarter of about twenty-five percent, while the most intense is in the third trimester, when the reports are about 65 and even up to 90 percent of cases. If you suspect that you have this infection, you should see your gynaecologist or doctor, who will then refer you to additional tests, the most important blood tests for toxoplasma, on the basis of which it will be determined whether you are infected or not.

TOXOPLASMOSIS TREATMENT

In the vast majority of adults that are infected by toxoplasma do not need any treatment. However, toxoplasmosis in pregnancy, is not at all naive and it is pretty challenging. Future mothers can therefore be prescribed an appropriate therapy, which actually needs to prevent illness of a child. Using ultrasound the doctor can easily determine whether the baby is already infected and if the infection occurred, a pregnant woman will be prescribed medication that will prevent further deterioration. If there are no visible signs of infection, antibiotics are administered.

HOW TO PREVENT POSSIBLE PREGNANCY COMPLICATIONS?

Houses and cats are cute, but do we need to give up pets during pregnancy? The truth is certainly somewhere halfway, cats and pregnancy is not exactly the ideal combination. Many women, are sentimentally are related and do not want to give it up when they get pregnant. That is fine, but under certain conditions. Here are the most important ones:
  • All activities and actions around a cat or dog (feeding, washing, especially the change of sand) may be performed by someone else in the household. 
  • During pregnancy be less in contact with a cat or dog.
  • Regularly and frequently wash your hands after any contact with a pet, what you definitely do not need is toxoplasmosis in pregnancy.
  • If a cat or dog goes out, after entering the house, wash the animal paws, and then your hands.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables good, because they might come in contact with cat or dog feces.
  • Good thermal processing of meat and eggs, because the cause of toxoplasmosis is destroyed already at 60 degrees.
  • Avoid any possible contact with sheep.
  • If you do business in the garden, be sure to wear gloves.
  • Wash cutlery and kitchen utensils well, especially one with which you have processed the raw meat.
How dangerous is toxoplasmosis in pregnancy – EXPERIENCE 

If you are pregnant and you suspect an infection, first consult a gynaecologist in relation to the establishment of serological status (determining antibody titer) of toxoplasmosis. These tests are performed in early pregnancy and are of inestimable importance for further prenatal diagnosis, and we use them to monitor the titer of antibodies IgG and IgM. For better understanding, it should be known that high antibody titers of IgG indicates to toxoplasmosis IgG which a person has already cured (sometimes with nonspecific symptoms, so-called. hidden ones), while an increase in IgM antibodies indicates an acute, current infection.

Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy is certainly very dangerous but fortunately quite rarely occurs, on average, only two pregnant women per thousand pregnancies. However, if it occurs, it must be taken very seriously, because it can cause premature birth, miscarriage. During pregnancy, the parasite toxoplasma can be transferred to the child, and infected children have serious health problems. Because toxoplasmosis in pregnancy exceeds the fetal circulation after sixteen weeks, develops severe fetal abnormalities. In about ten percent of children infected symptoms are noticed at birth: eye infection, hepatitis, pneumonia, skin irritation and rash, nervous system damage.

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